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idiom

noun

  1. (formulation)  a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language
    Synonyms: parlance. Type of: formulation
  2. (non-standard speech)  the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
    Synonyms: accent, dialect, dial. [abbreviation]. Type of: non-standard speech
  3. (manner)  the style of a particular artist, school, or movement
    Synonyms: artistic style. Type of: manner
  4. (saying)  an expression whose meanings can't be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
    Synonyms: idiomatic expression, phrasal idiom, phrase, set phrase, phr. [abbreviation]. Type of:...

Etymology summary

"form of speech peculiar to a people or place", from Middle French idiome (16th...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Idiom

a combination of words that has a figurative meaning, due to its common usage. An idiom's figurative meaning is separate from the literal meaning or definition of the words of which it's made. Idioms are numerous and they occur frequently in all ... (42 of 2234 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Idiom

Idiom (disambiguation)

an expression with a figurative meaning. Idiom may also refer to: Instrumental idiom, a concept in music | Programming idiom, a concept in computer science | Idiom Island, an island in Montana in the Yellowstone River | Idiom, a company acquired by SDL... (40 of 115 words, 8 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Idiom (disambiguation)

Collins Dictionary:

idiom | idiomatical [adjective, derived]

a group of words whose meaning cannot be predicted from the meanings of the constituent words, as for example [It was raining] "cats and dogs" | ... (25 of 544 words, 4 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/idiom

Merriam-Webster:

idiom | expression [synonym, sense-specific] | phrase [synonym, sense-specific] | cliché [similar, sense-specific] | locution [similar, sense-specific] | term [similar, sense-specific] | epithet [similar, sense-specific] | expletive [similar, sense-specific] | name [similar, sense-specific] | ...

the language peculiar to a people or to a district, community, or class; ... | an expression in the usage of a language that is peculiar to itself ... (27 of 311 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/idiom

Wiktionary:

idiom | idioms [plural] | idiomata [plural] | expression [loosely, synonym, sense-specific] | form of words [loosely, synonym, sense-specific] | phrase [loosely, synonym, sense-specific]

[rare] A manner of speaking, a way of expressing oneself. | A language or dialect. | Specifically, a particular variety of language; a restricted dialect used in a given historical period, context etc. | An artistic style (for example, in art, ... (38 of 156 words, 6 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/idiom

American Heritage Dictionary:

idiom

A speech form or an expression of a given language that is peculiar to ... | The specific grammatical, syntactic, and structural character of a given ... (25 of 155 words, 6 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/idiom

Oxford Dictionary:

idiom

a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g. over the moon, see the light). | a ... (27 of 127 words, 4 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/idiom

Random House Dictionary:

idiom

an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of ... | a language, dialect, or style of speaking peculiar to a people. | a ... (25 of 127 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/idiom

New World Dictionary:

idiom

the language or dialect of a people, region, class, etc. | the usual way in which the words of a particular language are joined together to express ... (26 of 125 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/idiom

Cambridge Dictionary:

idiom

a group of words in a fixed order that have a particular meaning that is different from the meanings of each word understood on its own | [formal] the ... (28 of 88 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/idiom

Macmillan British Dictionary:

idiom | idioms [plural]

[countable, linguistics] an expression whose meaning is different from the ... | [singular, uncountable] a particular style in language, art, or music (21 of 70 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/idiom

Encarta Dictionary:

idiom | idioms [plural]

a fixed distinctive expression whose meaning cannot be deduced from the combined meanings of its actual words | the way of using a language that comes ... (25 of 100 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861619997​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

idiom

First use: 1580s

Origin: "form of speech peculiar to a people or place", from Middle French idiome (16th century) and directly from Late Latin idioma "a ... (23 of 145 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=idiom

Wiktionary:

idiom | idioms [plural] | idiomata [plural]

Origin: Middle French idiome, and its source, Late Latin idioma, from Ancient Greek ἰδίωμα (idioma, "a peculiarity, property, a peculiar phraseology, idiom"), from ἰδιοῦσθαι (idiousthai, "to make... (26 of 43 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/idiom

Merriam-Webster:

idiom

First use: 1588

Origin: Middle French and Late Latin; Middle French idiome, from Late Latin idioma individual peculiarity of language, from Greek ... (19 of 27 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/idiom

Oxford Dictionary:

idiom

First use: late 16th century

Origin: French idiome, or via late Latin from Greek idiōma "private property, peculiar phraseology", from idiousthai 'make one's own', ... (21 of 25 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/idiom

American Heritage Dictionary:

idiom

Origin: Late Latin idiōma, idiōmat-, from Greek, from idiousthai, to make one's own, from idios, own, personal, private; see swe- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/idiom

New World Dictionary:

idiom

Origin: French and Late Latin: French idiome from Late Latin idioma from Greek idiōma, peculiarity, idiom from idios: see "idio-"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/idiom

Collins Dictionary:

idiom

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Latin idiōma peculiarity of language, from Greek; see idio-

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/idiom

Encarta Dictionary:

idiom | idioms [plural]

First use: Late 16th century

Origin: Directly or via French from late Latin idioma from Greek, "property, peculiarity" from idios

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861619997​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

idiom | idioms [plural] | idiomata [plural]

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "idiom"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "idiom"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/idiom

Collins Dictionary:

idiom

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "idiom"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "idiom"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/idiom

Cambridge Dictionary:

idiom

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "idiom"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "idiom"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/idiom

Macmillan British Dictionary:

idiom | idioms [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "idiom"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/idiom

Macmillan American Dictionary:

idiom | idioms [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "idiom"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/idiom

the Free Dictionary:

idiom

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "idiom"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "idiom"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "idiom" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/idiom

Google Dictionary:

idiom | idioms [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "idiom"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=idiom

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

idiom

Audio: North American pronunciation of "idiom"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=idiom​001 word=idiom

YourDictionary Audio:

idiom

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "idiom" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/idiom

freedictionary.org:

Idiom

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Idiom" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=idiom

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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