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hyoscine

Definition:

an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures

Class:

artifact noun (man-made objects)

Plural:

hyoscines

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

C17H21NO4 [chemical formula] | levo-duboisine | scopolamine

Etymology:

German Hyoscin, from New Latin Hyoscyamus, henbane genus, from Greek huoskuamos,...
(Source: American Heritage Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Scopolamine | levo-duboisine | hyoscine | Scopoderm | C17H21NO4  [chemical formula]

a tropane alkaloid drug with muscarinic antagonist effects. It's among the secondary metabolites of plants from Solanaceae family of plants, such as henbane, jimson weed, angel's trumpets, and corkwood. Scopolamine exerts its effects by acting as a ... (37 of 5208 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Scopolamine

Collins Dictionary:

scopolamine | hyoscine [synonym] | C17H21NO4 [chemical formula]

a colourless viscous liquid alkaloid extracted from certain plants, such as henbane: used in preventing travel sickness and as an anticholinergic, ... (21 of 281 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/scopolamine

Columbia Encyclopedia:

scopolamine | hyoscine

alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane, "Hyoscyamus niger". Structurally similar to the nerve ... (20 of 146 words, pronunciations)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0844088​.html

Britannica Encyclopedia:

scopolamine [drug] | hyoscine [synonym]

alkaloid drug obtained from a number of plants of the family Solenaceae, including nightshade, henbane, and jimsonweed. Scopolamine is an effective ... (21 of 113 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/529289​/scopolamine

Oxford Dictionary:

hyoscine [chemistry] | C17H21NO4.It'sobtainedchieflyfromplantsofthegenusScopolia,familySolanaceae [chemical formula] | scopolamine

a poisonous plant alkaloid used as an anti-emetic in motion sickness and as a preoperative medication for examination of the eye (21 of 67 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/hyoscine

hyoscine

Syllabification: (hy·os·cine) | another term for "scopolamine". (6 of 34 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/hyoscine

New World Dictionary:

scopolamine | C17H21NO4 [chemical formula] | hyoscine

an alkaloid, ..., obtained from various plants of the nightshade family, as belladonna, and used in medicine as a sedative or hypnotic, and sometimes ... (24 of 59 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scopolamine

American Heritage Dictionary:

scopolamine | hyoscine | C17H21NO4 [chemical formula]

A thick, syrupy, colorless alkaloid, ..., extracted from plants such as henbane and used primarily as a mydriatic and sedative, and to treat nausea ... (24 of 49 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scopolamine

Wiktionary:

scopolamine [pharmacology] | hyoscine | hyoscines [plural] | scopolamines [plural]

A tropane alkaloid obtained from plants of the nightshade family, used as a sedative, to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils for ophthalmic examination. (25 of 41 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/scopolamine

Random House Dictionary:

scopolamine [pharmacology] | hyoscine [synonym] | C17H21NO4 [chemical formula]

a colorless, syrupy, water-soluble alkaloid obtained from certain plants of the nightshade family, used chiefly as a sedative and mydriatic and to ... (22 of 40 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/scopolamine

Merriam-Webster:

hyoscine | scopolamine [synonym]

"scopolamine" ; especially, the levorotatory form of scopolamine (8 of 24 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/hyoscine

Macmillan British Dictionary:

alkaloid [countable/uncountable, chemistry] | alkaloids [plural]

a substance found in plants that is used in drugs and poisons. Morphine, nicotine, and strychnine are all alkaloids. (19 of 45 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/alkaloid

Cambridge Dictionary:

alkaloid [specialized]

a type of chemical found in plants that often acts as a drug or poison, or is used in medicines (20 of 31 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/alkaloid

Encarta Dictionary:

scopolamine | C17H21NO4 [chemical formula] | hyoscine [chemistry]

a colorless thick liquid poisonous alkaloid found in some plants of the nightshade family and used as a truth serum, to prevent motion sickness, and ... (25 of 61 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861702693​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

American Heritage Dictionary:

hyoscine

Origin: German Hyoscin, from New Latin Hyoscyamus, henbane genus, from Greek huoskuamos, henbane: huos, genitive of ... (15 of 24 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/hyoscine

Oxford Dictionary:

hyoscine [chemistry]

First use: late 19th century

Origin: modern Latin hyoscyamus (see "hyoscyamine") + "-ine4"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/hyoscine

Merriam-Webster:

hyoscine

First use: 1872

Origin: International Scientific Vocabulary hyoscyamine + -ine

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/hyoscine

Collins Dictionary:

hyoscine

First use: 19th century

Origin: from hyosc(yamus) + -ine2

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/hyoscine

New World Dictionary:

hyoscine

Origin: Latin hyoscyamus (see "hyoscyamine") + "-ine"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/hyoscine

Encarta Dictionary:

hyoscine [chemistry]

First use: Late 19th century

Origin: modern Latin Hyoscyamus

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861619536​/definition​.html  [offline]

hyoscyamine

First use: Mid-19th century

Origin: modern Latin Hyoscyamus, genus name of the henbane from Greek huoskuamos "pig's bean" from genitive of hus "pig" + kuamos "bean"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861619537​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

hyoscine

Audio: British English pronunciation of "hyoscine"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/hyoscine

the Free Dictionary:

hyoscine

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "hyoscine"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "hyoscine" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/hyoscine

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

hyoscine

Audio: North American pronunciation of "hyoscine"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=hyosci​01 word=hyoscine

YourDictionary Audio:

hyoscine

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "hyoscine" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/hyoscine

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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