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gyro (rotating mechanism)

Definition:

rotating mechanism in the form of a universally mounted spinning wheel that offers resistance to turns in any direction

Class:

artifact noun (man-made objects)

Plural:

gyros

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

gyroscope

Etymology:

sandwich made from roasted lamb, originally the meat itself, as roasted on a...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of gyro...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Gyroscope

a device for measuring or maintaining orientation, based on the principles of angular momentum. Mechanically, a gyroscope is a spinning wheel or disc in which the axle is free to assume any orientation. Although this orientation does not remain fixed,... (40 of 4110 words, 6 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Gyroscope

Gyroscope (disambiguation)

a device for measuring or maintaining orientation, based on the principle of conservation of angular momentum. Gyroscope may also refer to: Ring laser gyroscope, uses ring lasers | Fibre optic gyroscope, uses fibre optics and light interference | Rate ... (37 of 174 words, 11 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Gyroscope (disambiguation)

Britannica Encyclopedia:

gyroscope

device containing a rapidly spinning wheel or circulating beam of light that is used to detect the deviation of an object from its desired ... (24 of 635 words, 8 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/250498​/gyroscope

Merriam-Webster:

gyroscope | gyroscopic [adjective, related] | gyroscopically [adverb, related]

a wheel or disk mounted to spin rapidly about an axis and also free to rotate about one or both of two axes perpendicular to each other and to the ... (30 of 119 words, pronunciations, 1 image)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/gyroscope

Collins Dictionary:

gyroscope | gyrostat | gyro [shortened]

a device containing a disc rotating on an axis that can turn freely in any direction so that the disc resists the action of an applied couple and ... (28 of 424 words, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/gyroscope

Columbia Encyclopedia:

gyroscope

symmetrical mass, usually a wheel, mounted so that it can spin about an axis in any direction. When spinning, the gyroscope has special properties. ... (24 of 307 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0822249​.html

Oxford Dictionary:

gyroscope | gyroscopic [derived] | gyroscopically [derived]

a device consisting of a wheel or disc mounted so that it can spin rapidly about an axis which is itself free to alter in direction. The orientation ... (28 of 99 words, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/gyroscope

New World Dictionary:

gyroscope | gyroscopic [adjective, related] | gyroscopically [adverb, related]

a wheel mounted in a set of rings so that its axis of rotation is free to turn in any direction: when the wheel is spun rapidly, it will keep the ... (31 of 69 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gyroscope

Random House Dictionary:

gyroscope | gyro [synonym]

an apparatus consisting of a rotating wheel so mounted that its axis can turn freely in certain or all directions, and capable of maintaining the same ... (26 of 56 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/gyroscope

Macmillan British Dictionary:

gyroscope [countable] | gyroscopes [plural]

a wheel that stays steady when it spins around inside a frame, used for controlling the movement of ships and aircraft or as a child's toy (26 of 51 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/gyroscope

American Heritage Dictionary:

gyroscope | gyroscopic [adjective, related] | gyroscopically [adverb, related]

A device consisting of a spinning mass, typically a disk or wheel, mounted on a base so that its axis can turn freely in one or more directions and ... (29 of 47 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gyroscope

Wiktionary:

gyroscope | gyroscopes [plural]

an apparatus composed of a wheel which spins inside of a frame (gimbal) and causes the balancing of the frame in any direction or position. In the form of a gyroscopic stabilizer, used to help keep aircraft and ships steady. (40 of 41 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/gyroscope

Cambridge Dictionary:

gyroscope | gyro

a device containing a wheel which spins freely within a frame, used on aircraft and ships to help keep them horizontal, and as a children's toy (26 of 33 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/gyroscope

Encarta Dictionary:

gyroscope | gyroscopes [plural] | gyroscopic [adjective, derived] | gyroscopically [adverb, derived]

a device consisting of a rotating heavy metal wheel pivoted inside a circular frame whose movement does not affect the wheel's orientation in space. ... (24 of 62 words, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861615996​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

gyro

First use: late 20th century

Origin: sandwich made from roasted lamb, originally the meat itself, as roasted on a rotating spit, from Modern Greek gyros "a circle"; mistaken in ... (26 of 35 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=gyro

gyroscope

First use: 1856

Origin: heavy rotating wheel with an axis free to turn in any direction, invented and named in French 1852 by Foucault, from Greek gyros "circle" + ... (26 of 38 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=gyroscope

American Heritage Dictionary:

gyro | gyros [plural]

Origin: From Modern Greek guros, a turning, from Greek gūros, circle (from the turning of the meat on a spit).

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gyro

New World Dictionary:

gyro | gyros [plural]

Origin: Modern Greek gyros, a circle (from rotating meat on a spit), wrongly taken as a plural

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gyro

gyroscope

Origin: "gyro-" + "-scope"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gyroscope

gyro-

Origin: Greek gyros, a circle: see "gyrate"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gyro-prefix

-scope

Origin: Late Latin -scopium from Greek -skopion from skopein: see "scope"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scope-suffix

Wiktionary:

gyro | gyros [plural]

Origin: Abbreviation | Greek γύρος (gýros); from the turning of the meat on a spit.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/gyro

gyroscope | gyroscopes [plural]

Origin: gyro- + -scope, from French coined in 1856 by physicist Leon Foucault, from Ancient Greek γῦρος (guros, "circle") and σκοπός (skopos, "watcher").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/gyroscope

Collins Dictionary:

gyro | gyros [plural] | gyro- | before a vowel gyr-

Origin: via Latin from Greek guro-, from guros circle

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/gyro

Merriam-Webster:

Gyro | Gyros [plural]

First use: 1971

Origin: Gyro International (association)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/gyro

gyro [entry 2, noun] | gyros [plural]

First use: 1971

Origin: Modern Greek gyros turn, from Greek; from the rotation of the meat on a spit

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/gyro show=2

gyroscope

First use: 1856

Origin: French

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/gyroscope

Oxford Dictionary:

gyro [entry 2] | gyros [plural]

First use: 1970s

Origin: modern Greek guros "turning"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/gyro--2

gyroscope

First use: mid 19th century

Origin: French, from Greek guros "a ring" + modern Latin scopium (see "-scope")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/gyroscope

Encarta Dictionary:

gyro | gyros [plural]

First use: Late 20th century

Origin: modern Greek guros "turning"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861676001​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

gyro | gyros [plural] | gyro- | before a vowel gyr-

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "gyro"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/gyro

gyroscope | gyrostat | gyro [shortened]

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "gyroscope"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "gyroscope"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/gyroscope

Macmillan American Dictionary:

gyro [countable, United States] | gyros [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "gyro"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/gyro

gyroscope [countable] | gyroscopes [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "gyroscope"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/gyroscope

Cambridge Dictionary:

gyro [entry 2] | gyros [plural]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "gyro"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "gyro"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/gyro 2

gyroscope

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "gyroscope"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "gyroscope"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/gyroscope

the Free Dictionary:

gyro

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "gyro"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "gyro"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "gyro" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/gyro

gyroscope

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "gyroscope"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "gyroscope"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "gyroscope" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/gyroscope

Google Dictionary:

gyro | gyros [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "gyro"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=gyro

gyroscope | gyroscopes [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "gyroscope"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=gyroscope

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

gyro

Audio: North American pronunciation of "gyro"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=gyro​0001 word=gyro

gyro

Audio: North American pronunciation of "gyro"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=gyro​0002 word=gyro

gyro

Audio: North American pronunciation of "gyro"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=gyro​0003 word=gyro

Gyro

Audio: North American pronunciation of "Gyro"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=gyro​0004 word=Gyro

gyroscope

Audio: North American pronunciation of "gyroscope"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=gyrosc​01 word=gyroscope

YourDictionary Audio:

gyro

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "gyro" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gyro

gyroscope

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "gyroscope" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gyroscope

Macmillan British Dictionary:

gyroscope [countable] | gyroscopes [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "gyroscope"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/gyroscope

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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