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grind (make)

Definition:

to created by grinding

Class:

creation verb (sewing, baking, painting, performing, etc.)

Past tense:

ground

Present participle:

grinding

3rd-person singular present:

grinds

Type of:

make

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

grind designs into the glass bowl

Etymology:

[verb] Old English grindan "to rub together, grate, scrape", ... | [noun]...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of grind...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Grind

of a blade refers to the shape of the cross-section of the blade. It's distinct from the type of blade, though different tools and blades may have lent their name to a particular grind. Grinding involves removing significant portions of metal from the ... (43 of 1419 words, 3 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Grind

Grind (disambiguation)

the cross-sectional shape of a blade. Grind, grinds, or grinding may also refer to: Grinding (abrasive cutting), a method of crafting | Grinding (dance), suggestive club dancing | Grinding (video gaming), repetitive and uninteresting gameplay |... (33 of 223 words, 19 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Grind (disambiguation)

Collins Dictionary:

grind | oppress [synonym, sense-specific] | tyrannize [synonym, sense-specific] | grindingly [adverb, derived]

to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abrading, | [transitive] to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasion | to scrape ... (24 of 762 words, 17 definitions, 16 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/grind

Oxford Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | come to a grinding halt | grind to a halt | grind away | grind someone down | grind on | grind something out

reduce (something) to small particles or powder by crushing it | sharpen, smooth, or produce (something) by crushing or by friction | operate (a mill ... (23 of 408 words, 21 definitions, 22 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/grind

Random House Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | grinded [rare, past tense] | grinding [present participle] | grind out [sense-specific] | a grinding sound [sense-specific]

to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet. | to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize. | ... (24 of 266 words, 20 definitions, 11 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/grind

Merriam-Webster:

grind [entry 1, verb] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle] | swot [noun, British, sense-specific] | bookworm [noun, British, sense-specific] | dink [noun, British, sense-specific, slang] | dork [noun, British, sense-specific, slang] | geek [noun, British, sense-specific] | nerd [noun, British, sense-specific] | ...

to reduce to powder or small fragments by friction (as in a mill or with the teeth) | to wear down, polish, or sharpen by friction | "oppress", ... (26 of 261 words, 10 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/grind

grind [entry 2, noun] | creak [synonym, sense-specific] | rasp [synonym, sense-specific] | jar [synonym, sense-specific] | scrape [synonym, sense-specific] | scratch [synonym, sense-specific] | fun [antonym, sense-specific] | play [antonym, sense-specific] | clang [similar, sense-specific] | ...

an act of grinding ; the sound of grinding | dreary, monotonous, or difficult labor, study, or routine ; one who works or studies excessively | the ... (25 of 134 words, 4 definitions, 1 usage example)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/grind show=1

Macmillan British Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle] | grinds [3rd-person singular present] | grind up | grind the faces of the poor | grind to a halt | grind your teeth

"grind" or "grind up": [transitive] to break something into very small ... | [transitive] to press something down onto a surface using a lot of force ... (25 of 249 words, 8 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/grind

grind [singular, informal, noun]

something that is hard work, boring, and tiring because it takes a lot of your time and energy (18 of 49 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/grind 18

American Heritage Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle] | grinds [3rd-person singular present] | grindingly [adverb, related]

To crush, pulverize, or reduce to powder by friction, especially by rubbing between two hard surfaces | To shape, sharpen, or refine with friction | ... (23 of 242 words, 20 definitions, 12 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/grind

Wiktionary:

grind | grinds [plural] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle]

To reduce to smaller pieces by crushing with lateral motion. | To shape with the force of friction. | [metalworking] To remove material by rubbing with an abrasive surface. | [sports] To slide the flat portion of a skateboard or snowboard across an ... (40 of 207 words, 17 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/grind

New World Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle] | grindingly [adverb, related]

to crush into bits or fine particles between two hard surfaces; pulverize ; ... | to afflict with cruelty, hardship, etc.; crush; oppress | to ... (23 of 193 words, 16 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/grind

Cambridge Dictionary:

grind [entry 1] | ground [past tense]

to make something into small pieces or a powder by pressing between hard surfaces (14 of 51 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/grind 1

grind [entry 2] | ground [past tense] | grind your teeth

to rub something against a hard surface, in order to make it sharper or smoother | "grind your teeth": to make a noise by rubbing your teeth together (27 of 75 words, 2 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/grind 2

grind [entry 3, informal]

a difficult or boring activity which needs a lot of effort (11 of 38 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/grind 3

Britannica Encyclopedia:

ground [electronics]

in electricity, electrical contact with the Earth, which remains essentially at a constant potential. A grounded wire on a lightning rod leads large ... (23 of 147 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/246867​/ground

Columbia Encyclopedia:

grinding

process by which surface material is removed from an object, usually metal, by the abrasive action of a rotating wheel or a moving belt that contains ... (26 of 188 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0821879​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

grind | grinds [plural] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle]

to crush something into very small pieces by rubbing it between two hard surfaces, or be crushed in this way | to rub two surfaces together with a ... (27 of 404 words, 19 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861615423​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

grind

First use: late 12th century

Origin: [verb] Old English grindan "to rub together, grate, scrape", ... | [noun] "gnashing the teeth", from "grind" (verb). The sense "steady, hard work" ... (25 of 120 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=grind

Oxford Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | come to a grinding halt

Origin: Old English grindan, probably of Germanic origin. Although no cognates are known, it may be distantly related to Latin frendere "rub away, gnash"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/grind

Wiktionary:

grind | grinds [plural] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle]

Origin: Middle English grinden, from Old English grindan, (cognate with Dutch grind 'gravel, shingel'), from Proto-Germanic *grindaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ghrendh- ("crushing").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/grind

New World Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle]

Origin: Middle English grinden from Old English grindan from Indo-European *ghrendh from base *ghren-, to rub away, pulverize derives "ground"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/grind

Collins Dictionary:

grind

Origin: Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sand

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/grind

American Heritage Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle] | grinds [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English grinden, from Old English grindan; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/grind

Merriam-Webster:

grind [entry 1, verb] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle]

First use: before 12th century

Origin: Middle English, from Old English grindan; akin to Latin frendere to crush, grind

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/grind

Encarta Dictionary:

grind | grinds [plural] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle]

Origin: Old English grindan, origin ?

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861615423​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

grind | grinds [plural] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "grind"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/grind

Collins Dictionary:

grind

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "grind"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/grind

Macmillan American Dictionary:

grind [verb] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle] | grinds [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "grind"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/grind

grind [singular, informal, noun]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "grind"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/grind 20

Macmillan British Dictionary:

grind | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle] | grinds [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "grind"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/grind

grind [singular, informal, noun]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "grind"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/grind 18

Cambridge Dictionary:

grind [entry 2] | ground [past tense]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "grind"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "grind"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/grind 2

the Free Dictionary:

grind

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "grind"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "grind"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "grind" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/grind

Google Dictionary:

grind | grinds [plural] | ground [past tense] | grinding [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "grind"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=grind

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

grind

Audio: North American pronunciation of "grind"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=grind​001 word=grind

YourDictionary Audio:

grind

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "grind" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/grind

freedictionary.org:

grind

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "grind" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=grind

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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