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girasol (sunflower)

Definition:

a tall perennial with hairy stems and leaves; widely cultivated for its large irregular edible tubers

Class:

plant noun (plants and fungi)

Plural:

girasols

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

(in the sense "sunflower"): from French, or from Italian girasole, from girare...
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

All senses of girasol...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Jerusalem artichoke | sunroot | sunchoke | earth apple | topinambour | Helianthus tuberosus [species]

a species of sunflower native to eastern North America, and found from eastern Canada and Maine west to North Dakota, and south to northern Florida and Texas. It's also cultivated widely across the temperate zone for its tuber, which is used as a root ... (44 of 2041 words, 6 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Jerusalem artichoke

Britannica Encyclopedia:

Jerusalem artichoke [plant] | Girasole [synonym] | Helianthus tuberosus [species]

sunflower of the Asteraceae family, native to North America, noted for its edible tubers. The aboveground part of the plant is a coarse, usually ... (24 of 169 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/302937​/Jerusalem-artichoke

Columbia Encyclopedia:

Jerusalem artichoke | Helianthus tuberosus [species]

tuberous-rooted perennial of the family Asteraceae (aster family), native to North America, where it was early cultivated by the indigenous ... (20 of 135 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0826211​.html

Merriam-Webster:

Jerusalem artichoke | Helianthus tuberosus [species] | sunchoke [Jerusalem artichoke]

a perennial sunflower of the United States and Canada widely cultivated for its tubers that are used as a vegetable and as a livestock feed ; also, ... (27 of 62 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/jerusalem artichoke

Oxford Dictionary:

Jerusalem artichoke | Helianthus tuberosus [species, sense-specific] | Compositae [family, member, sense-specific]

a knobbly edible tuber with white flesh, eaten as a vegetable. | the tall North American plant, closely related to the sunflower, which produces this ... (24 of 59 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/Jerusalem-artichoke

American Heritage Dictionary:

Jerusalem artichoke | sunchoke [sense-specific] | Helianthus tuberosus [species, sense-specific]

A North American sunflower "(Helianthus tuberosus") having yellow, rayed flower heads and edible tubers. | The tuber of this plant, eaten as a ... (22 of 46 words, 2 definitions)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/jerusalem-artichoke

New World Dictionary:

Jerusalem artichoke | sunchoke | Helianthus tuberosus [species, sense-specific]

a tall North American sunflower of the composite family, with potatolike tubers used as a vegetable | such a tuber (19 of 32 words, 2 definitions)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/jerusalem-artichoke

Random House Dictionary:

Jerusalem artichoke | girasol [synonym, sense-specific] | sunchoke [synonym, sense-specific] | Helianthus tuberosus [species, sense-specific]

a sunflower having edible, tuberous, underground stems or rootstocks. | the tuber itself. (12 of 24 words, 2 definitions)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/jerusalem-artichoke

Wiktionary:

Helianthus tuberosus | Helianthus [genus]

A taxonomic species within the genus Helianthus -- the Jerusalem artichoke. (10 of 12 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/Helianthus tuberosus

Collins Dictionary:

girasole | girasol | girosol

[jewellery] Same as "girasol" | a type of opal that has a red or pink glow in bright light; fire opal (20 of 267 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/girasole

Macmillan British Dictionary:

Jerusalem artichoke [countable/uncountable] | Jerusalem artichokes [plural]

a vegetable with a very pale brown skin and white flesh. It grows under the ground. (16 of 47 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/Jerusalem-artichoke

Cambridge Dictionary:

Jerusalem artichoke

a root vegetable that looks like a potato (8 of 15 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/jerusalem-artichoke

Encarta Dictionary:

girasol | girasols [plural] | girosol [minerals, sense-specific]

Same as fire opal | Same as Jerusalem artichoke (8 of 37 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861675350​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

girasol | girasole

First use: late 16th century

Origin: (in the sense "sunflower"): from French, or from Italian girasole, from girare "to turn" + sole "sun" (because the sunflower ... (23 of 30 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/girasol

American Heritage Dictionary:

girasol

Origin: Italian girasole, sunflower, opal: girare, to turn; see "girandole" + sole, sun (from Latin sōl; see sāwel- in Indo-European roots).

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/girasol

Collins Dictionary:

girasol | girosol | girasole

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Italian, from girare to revolve (see gyrate) + sole the sun, from Latin sōl

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/girasol

New World Dictionary:

girasol

Origin: French from Italian girasole from girare (see "girandole") + sole ( from Latin sol, "sun")

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/girasol

Wiktionary:

girasol | girasols [plural] | girasole

Origin: Spanish

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/girasol

Merriam-Webster:

girasole | girasol

First use: about 1586

Origin: Italian girasole sunflower, from girare + sole sun, from Latin sol

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/girasole

Encarta Dictionary:

girasol | girasols [plural]

First use: Late 16th century

Origin: Italian girasole "sunflower" from girare "to turn" + sole "sun"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861675350​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

the Free Dictionary:

girasol

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "girasol"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "girasol"

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/girasol

Girasole

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "Girasole"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "Girasole"

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/Girasole

girosol

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "girosol"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "girosol"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "girosol" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/girosol

Google Dictionary:

girasol | girasoles [plural] | girasols [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "girasol"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=girasol

YourDictionary Audio:

girasol

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "girasol"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/girasol

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

girasole

Audio: North American pronunciation of "girasole"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=giraso​01 word=girasole

Collins Dictionary:

girosol | girasol | girasole

Audio: British English pronunciation of "girosol"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/girosol

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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