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expound

Definition:

to add details, as to an account or idea; to clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing

Class:

communication verb (telling, asking, ordering, singing, etc.)

Past tense:

expounded

Present participle:

expounding

3rd-person singular present:

expounds

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

Middle English expoune (in the sense "explain (what is difficult)"): from Old...
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

lucubrate [intransitive] | lucubrator [noun, derived]

to write or study, especially at night (7 of 188 words, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/lucubrate

Wiktionary:

lucubrate | lucubrated [past tense] | lucubrating [present participle] | lucubrates [3rd-person singular present] | burn the midnight oil [synonym, sense-specific] | elucubrate [synonym, sense-specific] | pull an all-nighter [synonym, sense-specific]

[rare] To work diligently by artificial light; to study at night. | To work or write like a scholar. (18 of 52 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/lucubrate

Oxford Dictionary:

lucubrate [intransitive, archaic]

write or study, especially by night. | produce learned written material (10 of 51 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/lucubrate

lucubrate | lucubrator [derived]

Syllabification: (lu·cu·brate) | [intransitive, archaic] | discourse learnedly in writing. (8 of 46 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/lucubrate

New World Dictionary:

lucubrate | lucubrated [past tense] | lucubrating [present participle] | lucubrator [noun, related]

to work, study, or write laboriously, especially late at night | to write in a scholarly manner (16 of 41 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/lucubrate

American Heritage Dictionary:

lucubrate | lucubrated [past tense] | lucubrating [present participle] | lucubrates [3rd-person singular present]

To write in a scholarly fashion; produce scholarship. (8 of 30 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/lucubrate

Random House Dictionary:

lucubrate | lucubrated [past tense] | lucubrating [present participle]

to work, write, or study laboriously, especially at night. | to write learnedly. (12 of 21 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/lucubrate

Wikipedia:

Verbosity | wordiness | prolixity | grandiloquence | garrulousness | expatiation | logorrhea | verbal diarrhea | verbose | ...

refers to speech or writing which is deemed to use an excess of words. Adjectival forms are verbose, wordy, prolix and garrulous. Examples are the expressions "in the vicinity of" and "in order to". The opposite of verbosity is succinctness that can be... (43 of 1762 words, 1 image)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Verbosity

Merriam-Webster:

expatiate | expatiated [past tense] | -ating [present participle] | wander [synonym, sense-specific] | declaim [synonym, sense-specific] | descant [synonym, sense-specific] | discourse [synonym, sense-specific] | talk [synonym, sense-specific] | harangue [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to move about freely or at will; "wander" | to speak or write at length or in detail (17 of 112 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/expatiate

Macmillan British Dictionary:

expatiate [intransitive, formal] | expatiated [past tense] | expatiating [present participle] | expatiates [3rd-person singular present]

to talk or write a lot or in great detail about something (12 of 43 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/expatiate

Cambridge Dictionary:

expatiate [formal disapproving]

to speak or write about something in great detail or for a long time (14 of 31 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/expatiate

Columbia Encyclopedia:

exponent | power

in mathematics, a number, letter, or algebraic expression written above and to the right of another number, letter, or expression called the base. In ... (24 of 213 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0818046​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

expatiate | expatiated [past tense] | expatiating [present participle] | expatiates [3rd-person singular present]

to speak or write about something at length | to wander or roam at will (archaic) (15 of 85 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861609831​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

expound

Origin: Middle English expoune (in the sense "explain (what is difficult)"): from Old French espon-, present tense stem of espondre, from ... (20 of 44 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/expound

expand | expand on

Origin: late Middle English: from Latin expandere "to spread out", from ex- "out" + pandere "to spread"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/expand

Online Etymology:

expound

First use: about 1300

Origin: Old French espondre "expound (on), set forth, explain", from Latin exponere "put forth, explain, expose, exhibit", from ex- ... (20 of 38 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=expound

expand

First use: early 15th century

Origin: "spread out, spread flat", from Anglo-French espaundre, Middle French espandre and directly from Latin expandere "to spread out, ... (21 of 40 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=expand

New World Dictionary:

expound

Origin: Middle English expounden from Old French expondre from Latin exponere, to put forth, expound from ex-, out + ponere, to put: see "position"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/expound

expand

Origin: Middle English expanden from Latin expandere from ex-, out + pandere, to spread, extend; akin to patere: see "fathom"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/expand

American Heritage Dictionary:

expound | expounded [past tense] | expounding [present participle] | expounds [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English expounden, from Anglo-Norman espoundre, from Latin expōnere: ex-, ex- + pōnere, to place; see apo- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/expound

expand | expanded [past tense] | expanding [present participle] | expands [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English expanden, to spread out, from Latin expandere: ex-, ex- + pandere, to spread; see petə- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/expand

Collins Dictionary:

expound [when]

First use: 13th century

Origin: from Old French espondre, from Latin expōnere to set forth, from pōnere to put

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/expound

expand

First use: 15th century

Origin: from Latin expandere to spread out, from pandere to spread, extend

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/expand

Merriam-Webster:

expound

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French espundre, expondre, from Latin exponere to explain

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/expound

exposit

First use: 1882

Origin: Latin expositus, past participle of exponere

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/exposit

expand

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English expaunden, from Latin expandere, from ex- + pandere to spread

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/expand

Wiktionary:

expand | expanded [past tense] | expanding [present participle] | expands [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Recorded in Middle English since 1422, from Anglo-Norman espaundre, from Latin expandere present active infinitive of expandō ("to spread out"), itself from ex- ("out, outwards") + pandō ("to spread").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/expand

Encarta Dictionary:

expound | expounded [past tense] | expounding [present participle] | expounds [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Old French from Latin exponere "explain, set out" from ponere "to place"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861609912​/definition​.html  [offline]

expand | expanded [past tense] | expanding [present participle] | expands [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Directly or via Anglo-Norman from Latin expandere "spread out" from pandere "spread"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861609814​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

expound | expounded [past tense] | expounding [present participle] | expounds [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "expound"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/expound

Collins Dictionary:

expound [when]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "expound"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/expound

expand

Audio: British English pronunciation of "expand"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/expand

Macmillan British Dictionary:

expound [intransitive/transitive, formal] | expounded [past tense] | expounding [present participle] | expounds [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "expound"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/expound

expand | expanded [past tense] | expanding [present participle] | expands [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "expand"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/expand

Macmillan American Dictionary:

expound [intransitive/transitive, formal] | expounded [past tense] | expounding [present participle] | expounds [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "expound"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/expound

expand | expanded [past tense] | expanding [present participle] | expands [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "expand"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/expand

Cambridge Dictionary:

expound [formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "expound"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "expound"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/expound

expand

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "expand"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "expand"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/expand

the Free Dictionary:

expound

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "expound"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "expound"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "expound" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/expound

exposit

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "exposit"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "exposit"

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/exposit

expand

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "expand"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "expand"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "expand" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/expand

Google Dictionary:

expound | expounded [past tense] | expounding [present participle] | expounds [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "expound"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=expound

expand | expanded [past tense] | expanding [present participle] | expands [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "expand"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=expand

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

expound

Audio: North American pronunciation of "expound"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=expoun​01 word=expound

exposit

Audio: North American pronunciation of "exposit"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=exposi​01 word=exposit

expand

Audio: North American pronunciation of "expand"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=expand​01 word=expand

YourDictionary Audio:

expound

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "expound" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/expound

expand

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "expand" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/expand

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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