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exacerbated

verb

  1. (change)  to make worse
    Synonyms: aggravate, exasperate, worsen. Type of: change
  2. (anger)  to exasperate or irritate
    Synonyms: aggravate, exasperate. Type of: anger

Etymology summary

Latin exacerbat- "made harsh", from the verb exacerbare, from ex- (expressing...
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Irritation | exacerbation | irritant

a state of inflammation or painful reaction to allergy or cell-lining damage. A stimulus or agent which induces the state of irritation is an irritant. Irritants are typically thought of as chemical agents but mechanical, thermal, and radiative stimuli... (39 of 1619 words, 5 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Irritation

Merriam-Webster:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | aggravate [synonym] | complicate [synonym] | worsen [synonym] | exacerbation [noun, related] | amplify [similar] | deepen [similar] | ...

to make more violent, bitter, or severe (7 of 189 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/exacerbate

American Heritage Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present] | exacerbation [noun, related]

To increase the severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate (9 of 55 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/exacerbate

New World Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbation [noun, related]

to make more intense or sharp; aggravate (disease, pain, annoyance, etc.) | to exasperate; annoy; irritate; embitter (16 of 44 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/exacerbate

Macmillan British Dictionary:

exacerbate [transitive, formal] | exacerbation [singular] | exacerbations [plural] | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present]

to make a problem become worse (6 of 40 words, pronunciations)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/exacerbate

Random House Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle]

to increase the severity, bitterness, or violence of (disease, ill feeling, etc.); aggravate. | to embitter the feelings of (a person); irritate; ... (21 of 32 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/exacerbate

Wiktionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present] | aggravate [synonym, sense-specific]

[transitive] To make worse (pain, anger, etc.) worse; aggravate. | [transitive] To irritate. (12 of 15 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/exacerbate

Collins Dictionary:

exacerbate | aggravate [synonym, sense-specific] | exacerbation [noun, derived]

to make (pain, disease, emotion, etc) more intense; aggravate | to exasperate or irritate (a person) (15 of 453 words, 2 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/exacerbate

Oxford Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbation [derived]

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse (9 of 81 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/exacerbate

Cambridge Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbation [noun, derived]

to make something which is already bad worse (8 of 28 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/exacerbate

Encarta Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present]

to make an already bad or problematic situation worse (9 of 63 words, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861609569​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

exacerbate

First use: mid 17th century

Origin: Latin exacerbat- "made harsh", from the verb exacerbare, from ex- (expressing inducement of a state) + acerbus "harsh, ... (21 of 32 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/exacerbate

American Heritage Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin exacerbāre, exacerbāt-: ex-, intensive prefix; see "ex-" + acerbāre, to make harsh (from acerbus, harsh; see ak- in Indo-European roots).

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/exacerbate

New World Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle]

Origin: Latin exacerbatus, past participle of exacerbare, to exasperate, make angry from ex-, intensive + acerbus, bitter: see "acerbity"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/exacerbate

Merriam-Webster:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle]

First use: 1660

Origin: Latin exacerbatus, past participle of exacerbare, from ex- + acerbus harsh, bitter, from acer sharp

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/exacerbate

Online Etymology:

exacerbate

First use: 1650s

Origin: a back formation from exacerbation or else from Latin exacerbatus, past participle of exacerbare.

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=exacerbate

Collins Dictionary:

exacerbate

First use: 17th century

Origin: from Latin exacerbāre to irritate, from acerbus bitter

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/exacerbate

Encarta Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present]

First use: Mid-17th century

Origin: Latin exacerbat-, past participle of exacerbare "make thoroughly harsh" from acerbus "harsh, bitter"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861609569​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "exacerbate"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/exacerbate

Collins Dictionary:

exacerbate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "exacerbate"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/exacerbate

Macmillan British Dictionary:

exacerbate [transitive, formal] | exacerbation [singular] | exacerbations [plural] | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "exacerbate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/exacerbate

Macmillan American Dictionary:

exacerbate [transitive, formal] | exacerbation [singular] | exacerbations [plural] | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "exacerbate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/exacerbate

Cambridge Dictionary:

exacerbate

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "exacerbate"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "exacerbate"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/exacerbate

the Free Dictionary:

exacerbate

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "exacerbate"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "exacerbate"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "exacerbate" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/exacerbate

Google Dictionary:

exacerbate | exacerbated [past tense] | exacerbating [present participle] | exacerbates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "exacerbate"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=exacerbate

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

exacerbate

Audio: North American pronunciation of "exacerbate"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=exacer​01 word=exacerbate

YourDictionary Audio:

exacerbate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "exacerbate" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/exacerbate

freedictionary.org:

exacerbate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "exacerbate" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=exacerbate

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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