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distend (bloat)

Definition:

to cause to expand as it by internal pressure

Class:

change verb (size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.)

Related to:

distention

Past tense:

distended

Present participle:

distending

3rd-person singular present:

distends

Type of:

bloat » swell » grow » develop

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

The gas distended the animal's body

Etymology:

Middle English distenden, from Latin distendere: dis-, dis- + tendere, to...
(Source: American Heritage Dictionary)  [more]

All senses of distend...

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

distend | swell [synonym, sense-specific] | exaggerate [synonym, sense-specific] | inflate [synonym, sense-specific] | distender [noun, derived]

to expand or be expanded by or as if by pressure from within; swell; inflate | [transitive] to stretch out or extend | [transitive] to magnify in ... (25 of 334 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/distend

Wikipedia:

Distension [disambiguation]

generally refers to an enlargement or ballooning effect: Gastric distension - bloating of the stomach when air is pumped into it, as in a medical procedure. | Abdominal distension - abdominal bloating, a symptom of several medical conditions. (37 of 79 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Distension

Oxford Dictionary:

distend | distensibility [derived] | distensible [derived] | distension [derived]

swell or cause to swell by pressure from inside (9 of 71 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/distend

Wiktionary:

distend | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

[intransitive] To extend or expand, as from internal pressure; to swell | [transitive, reflexive, archaic] To extend; to stretch out; to spread out. | [transitive] To cause to swell. | [biology] To cause gravidity. (31 of 62 words, 4 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/distend

Merriam-Webster:

distend | swell [synonym, sense-specific] | extend [synonym, sense-specific]

"extend" | to enlarge from internal pressure; "swell" | to become expanded (10 of 60 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/distend

American Heritage Dictionary:

distend | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

To swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure. | To cause to expand by or as if by internal pressure; dilate. | To extend. (26 of 54 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/distend

Cambridge Dictionary:

distend | distension [noun, specialized, derived]

(usually of the stomach or other part of the body) to swell and become large (as if) by pressure from inside (21 of 48 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/distend

Macmillan British Dictionary:

distend [intransitive/transitive] | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

to swell, or to make something swell (7 of 36 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/distend

Random House Dictionary:

distend

to expand by stretching, as something hollow or elastic. | to spread in all directions; expand; swell. (16 of 35 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/distend

New World Dictionary:

distend

to stretch out | to expand; make or become swollen (9 of 29 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/distend

Columbia Encyclopedia:

bloat

excessive accumulation of gases in the rumen, the first stomach of a cud-chewing animal. Bloat is probably formed to a large extent by bacterial ... (24 of 130 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0807913​.html

Britannica Encyclopedia:

bloat [animal disease] | hoven [synonym] | ruminal tympany [synonym]

disorder of ruminant animals involving distention of the rumen, the first of the four divisions of the stomach, with gas of fermentation. Bloated ... (23 of 99 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/69481​/bloat

Encarta Dictionary:

distend | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

to expand, swell, or inflate as if by pressure from within, or cause something to do this (17 of 74 words, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861605442​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

American Heritage Dictionary:

distend | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English distenden, from Latin distendere: dis-, dis- + tendere, to stretch; see ten- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/distend

Online Etymology:

distend

First use: about 1400

Origin: Latin distendere "to swell or stretch out, extend", from dis- "apart" + tendere "to stretch".

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=distend

New World Dictionary:

distend

Origin: Middle English distenden from Latin distendere from dis-, apart + tendere, to stretch: see "tend"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/distend

Oxford Dictionary:

distend

Origin: late Middle English: from Latin distendere, from dis- "apart" + tendere "to stretch"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/distend

Merriam-Webster:

distend

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English, from Latin distendere, from dis- + tendere to stretch

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/distend

Collins Dictionary:

distend

First use: 14th century

Origin: from Latin distendere, from dis-1 + tendere to stretch

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/distend

Encarta Dictionary:

distend | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Latin distendere "stretch apart" from tendere "stretch"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861605442​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

distend

Audio: British English pronunciation of "distend"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/distend

Cambridge Dictionary:

distend

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "distend"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "distend"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/distend

Macmillan British Dictionary:

distend [intransitive/transitive] | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "distend"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/distend

Macmillan American Dictionary:

distend [intransitive/transitive] | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "distend"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/distend

the Free Dictionary:

distend

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "distend"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "distend"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "distend" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/distend

Google Dictionary:

distend | distended [past tense] | distending [present participle] | distends [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "distend"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=distend

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

distend

Audio: North American pronunciation of "distend"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=disten​01 word=distend

YourDictionary Audio:

distend

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "distend" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/distend

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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