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curare

Definition:

a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles

Class:

substance noun (substance and materials)

Plural:

curares

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

curare acts by blocking cholinergic transmission at the myoneural junction

Synonyms:

C38H44Cl2N2O6 [chemical formula] | curari | tubocurarine

Etymology:

Portuguese or Spanish curare, a corruption of the name in the Carib language of...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Curare

a common name for various arrow poisons originating from South America. The three main types of curare are: tubocurare. It's a mono-quaternary alkaloid, an isoquinoline derivative. ; calebas curare ; pot curare. ; Of these three types, some formulas ... (39 of 2704 words, pronunciation, 1 image)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Curare

Wiktionary:

curare | curari [sense-specific] | urare [sense-specific] | urari [sense-specific] | Strychnos toxifera [species, sense-specific]

A plant known for the toxin it produces. | A substance containing the alkaloid D-tubocurarine, used historically as a muscle relaxant during surgery. (22 of 25 words, 2 definitions, 1 image)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/curare

Britannica Encyclopedia:

curare [chemical compound] | Chondrodendron tomentosum [species]

skeletal-muscle-relaxant drug belonging to the alkaloid family of organic compounds. Of botanical origin, it's used in modern medicine primarily as an ... (21 of 397 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/146779​/curare

Collins Dictionary:

curare | curari | woorali [less common]

black resin obtained from certain tropical South American trees, especially ... | any of various trees of the genera "Chondrodendron" (family ... (20 of 318 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/curare

Columbia Encyclopedia:

curare

any of a variety of substances originally used as arrow poisons by Native South Americans in hunting and in warfare. The main active substance of ... (25 of 141 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0814288​.html

Oxford Dictionary:

curare | Strychnos toxifera [species]

a bitter resinous substance obtained from the bark and stems of some South American plants. It paralyses the motor nerves and is traditionally used by ... (25 of 83 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/curare

New World Dictionary:

curare | curari | ourari

a black, resinous substance prepared from the juices of certain South ... | any of certain plants (especially Chondrodendron tomentosum of the ... (21 of 78 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/curare

American Heritage Dictionary:

curare | curari [sense-specific]

A dark resinous extract obtained from several tropical American woody ... | A purified preparation or alkaloid obtained from "Chondrodendron ... (19 of 70 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/curare

Merriam-Webster:

curare | curari | Chondodendron tomentosum

a dried aqueous extract especially of a vine (as Strychnos toxifera of the family Loganiaceae of the family Menispermaceae) used by South American ... (23 of 68 words, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/curare

Random House Dictionary:

curare | ourari | woorali | wourali | curari [sense-specific]

a blackish, resinlike substance derived from tropical plants of the genus ... | a plant yielding this substance. (17 of 58 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/curare

Macmillan British Dictionary:

curare [uncountable]

a poisonous substance made from a South American plant (9 of 33 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/curare

Cambridge Dictionary:

alkaloid [specialized]

a type of chemical found in plants that often acts as a drug or poison, or is used in medicines (20 of 31 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/alkaloid

Encarta Dictionary:

curare | curares [plural] | curari: curaris [plural] | curaris [plural] | curari

a dark resin from some South American plants. Use: muscle relaxant, traditional arrow poison. | a tropical vine from which curare is obtained. Native ... (23 of 64 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861601956​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

curare

First use: 1777

Origin: Portuguese or Spanish curare, a corruption of the name in the Carib language of the Macusi Indians of Guyana, wurali or wurari, ... (23 of 44 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=curare

Oxford Dictionary:

curare

First use: late 18th century

Origin: a Carib word, partly via Spanish and Portuguese

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/curare

New World Dictionary:

curare

Origin: Portuguese curare, curari or Spanish curaré, urarí from native (Tupí) name

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/curare

American Heritage Dictionary:

curare

Origin: Portuguese or Spanish curaré, both of Cariban and Tupian origin.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/curare

Wiktionary:

curare

Origin: Karib "Mawa Cure", referring the Mawa vine, or Strychnos toxifera

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/curare

Collins Dictionary:

curare | curari

First use: 18th century

Origin: from Portuguese and Spanish, from Carib kurari

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/curare

Merriam-Webster:

curare | curari

First use: 1777

Origin: Portuguese and Spanish curare, from Carib kurari

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/curare

Encarta Dictionary:

curare | curares [plural] | curari: curaris [plural] | curaris [plural]

First use: Late 18th century

Origin: Spanish, Portuguese from Carib kurari

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861601956​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Macmillan American Dictionary:

curare [uncountable]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "curare"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/curare

Macmillan British Dictionary:

curare [uncountable]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "curare"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/curare

the Free Dictionary:

curare

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "curare"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "curari" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/curare

Google Dictionary:

curare

Audio: English pronunciation of "curare"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=curare

YourDictionary Audio:

curare

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "curare" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/curare

Collins Dictionary:

curari | curare

Audio: British English pronunciation of "curari"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/curari

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

curari

Audio: North American pronunciation of "curari"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=curare​01 word=curari

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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