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constraint

noun

  1. (state noun)  the state of being physically constrained
    Synonyms: restraint. Type of: confinement
  2. (device)  a device that retards something's motion
    Synonyms: restraint. Type of: device
  3. (restriction)  the act of constraining; the threat or use of force to control the thoughts or behavior of others
    Type of: restriction

Etymology summary

"distress, oppression", from Old French constreinte "binding, constraint,...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

constraint | inhibition [synonym, sense-specific]

compulsion, force, or restraint | repression or control of natural feelings or impulses | a forced unnatural manner; inhibition | something that ... (19 of 507 words, 5 definitions, 10 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/constraint

Wikipedia:

Constraint [disambiguation]

Constraint is the element factor or a subsystem that works as a bottleneck. It restricts an entity, project, or system from ... | Loading gauge or structure gauge (constraints in engineering) | A constraint on constrained writing, in literature For ... (38 of 278 words, 15 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Constraint

Merriam-Webster:

constraint | check [synonym, sense-specific] | embarrassment [synonym, sense-specific] | continence [synonym, sense-specific] | discipline [synonym, sense-specific] | discretion [synonym, sense-specific] | inhibition [synonym, sense-specific] | refrainment [synonym, sense-specific] | repression [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

the act of constraining ; the state of being checked, restricted, or ... | repression of one's own feelings, behavior, or actions ; a sense of being ... (26 of 186 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/constraint

Cambridge Dictionary:

constraint | under constraint

something which controls what you do by keeping you within particular limits | [formal] unnatural behaviour which is sometimes the result of forcing ... (22 of 96 words, 3 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/constraint

American Heritage Dictionary:

constraint

The threat or use of force to prevent, restrict, or dictate the action or thought of others. | The state of being restricted or confined within ... (25 of 92 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constraint

Oxford Dictionary:

constraint

a limitation or restriction | stiffness of manner and inhibition in relations between people (13 of 85 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/constraint

Macmillan British Dictionary:

constraint | constraints [plural]

[countable, often plural] something that limits your freedom to do what you want | [uncountable, formal] behaviour that is very controlled and not ... (22 of 67 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/constraint

Random House Dictionary:

constraint

limitation or restriction. | repression of natural feelings and impulses. | unnatural restraint in manner, conversation, etc.; embarrassment. | ... (16 of 59 words, 7 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/constraint

New World Dictionary:

constraint

a constraining or being constrained; specifically, ; confinement or restriction ; compulsion or coercion | repression of natural feelings or behavior ... (20 of 35 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constraint

Wiktionary:

constraint | constraints [plural]

Something that constrains. | [math] A condition that a solution to an optimization problem must satisfy. (15 of 23 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/constraint

Encarta Dictionary:

constraint | constraints [plural]

something that limits freedom of action | a state in which freedom of action is severely restricted | a lack of warmth and spontaneity in somebody's ... (24 of 81 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861599811​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

constraint

First use: late 14th century

Origin: "distress, oppression", from Old French constreinte "binding, constraint, compulsion" (Mod.French contrainte), feminine noun from ... (17 of 35 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=constraint

Oxford Dictionary:

constraint

Origin: late Middle English (in the sense "coercion"): from Old French constreinte, feminine past participle of constraindre (see "constrain")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/constraint

American Heritage Dictionary:

constraint

Origin: Middle English constreinte, from Old French, from feminine past participle of constraindre, to constrain; see "constrain".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constraint

Wiktionary:

constraint | constraints [plural]

Origin: Middle English, from Middle French constrainte, from verb constraindre (French: contraindre).

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/constraint

Merriam-Webster:

constraint

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English, from Middle French constrainte, from constraindre

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/constraint

New World Dictionary:

constraint

Origin: Middle English constreinte from Old French: see "constrain"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constraint

Encarta Dictionary:

constraint | constraints [plural]

First use: 14th century

Origin: French constreinte, feminine past participle of constraindre

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861599811​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

constraint

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "constraint"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/constraint

Cambridge Dictionary:

constraint

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "constraint"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "constraint"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/constraint

Macmillan British Dictionary:

constraint | constraints [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "constraint"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/constraint

Macmillan American Dictionary:

constraint | constraints [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "constraint"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/constraint

the Free Dictionary:

constraint

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "constraint"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "constraint"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "constraint" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/constraint

Google Dictionary:

constraint | constraints [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "constraint"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=constraint

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

constraint

Audio: North American pronunciation of "constraint"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=constr​03 word=constraint

YourDictionary Audio:

constraint

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "constraint" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constraint

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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