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cognate

noun

  1. (relative)  one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another
    Synonyms: blood relation, blood relative, sib, cog. [abbreviation]. Type of: relative
  2. (word)  a word is cognate with another if both derive from the same word in an ancestral language
    Synonyms: cognate word, cog. [abbreviation]. Type of: word

adjective

  1. (connate)  related in nature
    Synonyms: coadunate, connate, cog. [abbreviation]. Similar to: related to
  2. (linguistics)  having the same ancestral language
    Synonyms: cog. [abbreviation]. Topic: linguistics. Similar to: related to
  3. (akin)  related by blood
    Synonyms: akin [predicate], blood-related, consanguine, consanguineal, consanguineous, kin...

Etymology summary

Latin cognatus "of common descent", from com- "together" + gnatus, past...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Cognate | cognates

words that have a common etymological origin. This learned term derives from the Latin cognatus. Cognates within the same language are called doublets. Strictly speaking, loanwords from another language are not considered cognates. For example, the ... (36 of 1280 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Cognate

Cognate (disambiguation)

may refer to: Cognates, words that have a common etymological origin False cognates, words that appear to be cognates, but are not | Cognate object, a verb's object that is etymologically related to the verb | Cognate linkage a kinematic linkage that ... (40 of 112 words, 3 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Cognate (disambiguation)

Collins Dictionary:

cognate | cognate object [sense-specific] | akin [synonym, sense-specific] | related [synonym, sense-specific] | cognately [adverb, derived]

akin; related | related by blood or descended from a common maternal ancestor | See "cognate object" | something that is cognate with something else (22 of 410 words, 4 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/cognate

Merriam-Webster:

cognate [entry 1, adjective] | akin [synonym, sense-specific] | analogous [synonym, sense-specific] | alike [synonym, sense-specific] | comparable [synonym, sense-specific] | connate [synonym, sense-specific] | correspondent [synonym, sense-specific] | corresponding [synonym, sense-specific] | ditto [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

of the same or similar nature; generically alike | related by blood ; also, related on the mother's side | related by descent from the same ancestral ... (25 of 206 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cognate

cognate [entry 2, noun]

one that is cognate with another (6 of 17 words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cognate show=1

Wiktionary:

cognate | cognates [plural] | allied [synonym, sense-specific] | kindred [synonym, sense-specific]

Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (law) related on the mother's side. | Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred. | [linguistics] Either descended from the same attested ... (40 of 154 words, 7 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/cognate

Oxford Dictionary:

cognate | connected [synonym, sense-specific] | cognately [derived] | cognateness [derived]

[linguistics] : [words] having the same linguistic derivation as another (e.g. English father, German Vater, Latin pater) | [formal] : related; ... (20 of 100 words, 5 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/cognate

American Heritage Dictionary:

cognate | cog. [abbreviation] | cognation [noun, related]

Related by blood; having a common ancestor. | Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral ... (22 of 92 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cognate

New World Dictionary:

cognate

related by family; having the same ancestor | having the same nature or quality | [linguistics] related through the same source; derived from a common ... (23 of 82 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cognate

Random House Dictionary:

cognate

related by birth; of the same parentage, descent, etc. | [linguistics] descended from the same language or form. | allied or similar in nature or ... (23 of 61 words, 5 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/cognate

Macmillan British Dictionary:

cognate [countable, linguistics] | cognates [plural]

a word in a language that has the same origin as a word in a different language (17 of 43 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/cognate

cognate [adjective]

[linguistics] cognate words or languages have the same origin | [formal] related to each other in some way (17 of 39 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/cognate 5

Cambridge Dictionary:

cognate [entry 1, specialized]

describes languages and words that have the same origin, or that are related and in some way similar (18 of 35 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/cognate 1

cognate [entry 2, specialized]

a word that has the same origin, or that is related in some way, to a word in another language (20 of 26 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/cognate 2

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

cognate

First use: 1640s

Origin: Latin cognatus "of common descent", from com- "together" + gnatus, past participle of gnasci, older form of nasci ... (19 of 34 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=cognate

New World Dictionary:

cognate

Origin: Latin cognatus, related by birth from co-, together + gnatus, past participle of gnasci, older form of nasci, to be born: see "genus"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cognate

Collins Dictionary:

cognate

First use: 17th century

Origin: from Latin cognātus, from co- same + gnātus born, variant of nātus, past participle of nāscī to be born

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/cognate

American Heritage Dictionary:

cognate

Origin: Latin cognātus: co-, co- + gnātus, born, past participle of nāscī, to be born; see genə- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cognate

Oxford Dictionary:

cognate

First use: early 17th century

Origin: Latin cognatus, from co- "together with" + natus "born"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/cognate

Wiktionary:

cognate | cognates [plural]

Origin: Latin cognātus ("related by blood"), from nātus ("born").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/cognate

Merriam-Webster:

cognate [entry 1, adjective]

First use: about 1645

Origin: Latin cognatus, from co- + gnatus, natus, past participle of nasci to be born; akin to Latin gignere to beget

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cognate

Audio references

Wiktionary:

cognate | cognates [plural]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "cognate"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/cognate

Collins Dictionary:

cognate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "cognate"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/cognate

Macmillan British Dictionary:

cognate [countable, linguistics] | cognates [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "cognate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/cognate

cognate [adjective]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "cognate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/cognate 5

Macmillan American Dictionary:

cognate [countable, linguistics] | cognates [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "cognate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/cognate

cognate [adjective]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "cognate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/cognate 5

Cambridge Dictionary:

cognate [entry 1, specialized]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "cognate"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "cognate"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/cognate 1

the Free Dictionary:

cognate

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "cognate"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "cognate" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/cognate

Google Dictionary:

cognate | cognates [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "cognate"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=cognate

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

cognate

Audio: North American pronunciation of "cognate"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=cognat​01 word=cognate

YourDictionary Audio:

cognate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "cognate" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cognate

freedictionary.org:

cognate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "cognate" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=cognate

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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