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coerce

Definition:

to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means

Class:

social verb (politics, social activities, events, etc.)

Related to:

coercion | coercive

Past tense:

coerced

Present participle:

coercing

3rd-person singular present:

coerces

Type of:

compel » induce

Causes:

act

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

They coerce him to write the letter.

Synonyms:

force | hale | pressure | squeeze

Etymology:

cohercen, from Middle French cohercer, from Latin coercere "to control,...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Coercion

the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of threats or intimidation or some other form of pressure or force, and describes a set of various different similar types of forceful actions that violate the free will of an... (45 of 2387 words, pronunciation)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Coercion

Collins Dictionary:

coerce [transitive] | coercer [noun, derived]

to compel or restrain by force or authority without regard to individual wishes or desires (15 of 492 words, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/coerce

Merriam-Webster:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | blackjack [synonym, sense-specific] | force [synonym, sense-specific] | compel [synonym, sense-specific] | constrain [synonym, sense-specific] | dragoon [synonym, sense-specific] | drive [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to restrain or dominate by force | to compel to an act or choice | to achieve by force or threat (19 of 161 words, 3 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/coerce

Oxford Dictionary:

coerce | coercer [derived] | coercible [derived] | coerces [sense-specific, related] | coercing [sense-specific, related] | coerced [sense-specific, related]

persuade (an unwilling person) to do something by using force or threats | obtain (something) from someone by using force or threats Spelling rule ... (23 of 91 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/coerce

American Heritage Dictionary:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present] | coercer [noun, related] | coercible [adjective, related]

To force to act or think in a certain way by use of pressure, threats, or intimidation; compel. | To dominate, restrain, or control forcibly | To ... (25 of 68 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/coerce

Random House Dictionary:

coerce | coercerced [past tense] | coercercing [present participle]

to compel by force, intimidation, or authority, especially without regard for individual desire or volition. | to bring about through the use of force ... (23 of 68 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/coerce

New World Dictionary:

coerce | coercerced [past tense] | coercercing [present participle] | coercible [adjective, related] | coercibly [adverb, related]

to restrain or constrain by force, especially by legal authority; curb | to force or compel, as by threats, to do something | to bring about by using ... (26 of 57 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/coerce

Wiktionary:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present] | compel [synonym, sense-specific] | bully [synonym, sense-specific] | dragoon [synonym, sense-specific]

To restrain by force, especially by law or authority; to repress; to curb. | [transitive] to use force, threat, fraud, or intimidation in attempt to compel one to act against his will. | [transitive, computing] to force an attribute, normally of a data... (41 of 53 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/coerce

Macmillan British Dictionary:

coerce [transitive] | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

to make someone do something by using force or threats (10 of 47 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/coerce

Cambridge Dictionary:

coerce [formal]

to persuade someone forcefully to do something which they are unwilling to do (13 of 32 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/coerce

Britannica Encyclopedia:

pressure [physics]

in the physical sciences, the perpendicular force per unit area, or the stress at a point within a confined fluid. The pressure exerted on a floor by ... (27 of 317 words, 2 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/475388​/pressure

Columbia Encyclopedia:

pressure | Bourdon gauge | manometer

in mechanics, ratio of the force acting on a surface to the area of the surface; it's thus distinct from the total force acting on a surface. A force ... (29 of 109 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0840082​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

to make somebody do something against his or her will by using force or threats (15 of 55 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861598367​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

coerce

First use: mid-15th century

Origin: cohercen, from Middle French cohercer, from Latin coercere "to control, restrain, shut up together", from com- "together" ... (19 of 55 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=coerce

force

First use: about 1300

Origin: "physical strength", from Old French force (12th century) "force, strength, courage, fortitude; violence, power, compulsion", from Vulgar Latin ... (20 of 99 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=force

New World Dictionary:

coerce | coercerced [past tense] | coercercing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English cohercen from Old French cohercier from Latin coercere, to surround, restrain from co-, together + arcere, to confine: see "exercise"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/coerce

force | forced [past tense] | forcing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English from Old French from Vulgar Latin *fortia, *forcia from Latin fortis, strong: see "fort" | Middle English ... (18 of 33 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/force

Wiktionary:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin coercere ("to surround, encompass, restrain, control, curb"), from co- ("together") + arcere ("to inclose, confine, keep off"); see arcade, arcane, ark.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/coerce

force | forces [plural] | forced [past tense] | forcing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English force, fors, forse, from Old French force, from Late Latin fortia, from neuter plural of Latin fortis ("strong"). | Old Norse fors ("waterfall"). Cognate with Swedish fors... (28 of 29 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/force

Merriam-Webster:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English cohercen, from Anglo-French *cohercer Latin coercēre, from co- + arcēre to shut up, enclose

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/coerce

force [entry 1, noun] | Force [sense-specific]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Vulgar Latin *fortia, from Latin fortis strong

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/force

Collins Dictionary:

coerce [transitive]

First use: 17th century

Origin: from Latin coercēre to confine, restrain, from co- together + arcēre to enclose

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/coerce

force

First use: 13th century | 17th century

Origin: from Old French, from Vulgar Latin fortia (unattested), from Latin fortis strong | from Old Norse fors

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/force

Oxford Dictionary:

coerce

Origin: late Middle English: from Latin coercere "restrain", from co- "together" + arcere "restrain"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/coerce

force [entry 1] | into | forces | the forces | the force

Origin: Middle English: from Old French force (noun), forcer (verb), based on Latin fortis "strong"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/force

force [entry 2]

Origin: late Middle English: from Old Norse fors

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/force--2

American Heritage Dictionary:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin coercēre, to control, restrain: co-, co- + arcēre, to enclose, confine.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/coerce

force | forced [past tense] | forcing [present participle] | forces [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin fortia, from neuter plural of Latin fortis, strong; see bhergh- [entry 2] in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/force

Encarta Dictionary:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Latin coercere "shut in together" from arcere "shut in"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861598367​/definition​.html  [offline]

force | forces [plural] | forced [past tense] | forcing [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Old French from Latin fortis "strong"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861612856​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "coerce"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/coerce

force | forces [plural] | forced [past tense] | forcing [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "force"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/force

Collins Dictionary:

coerce [transitive]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "coerce"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/coerce

force

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "force"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/force

Macmillan British Dictionary:

coerce [transitive] | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "coerce"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/coerce

force [transitive, verb] | forced [past tense] | forcing [present participle] | forces [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "force"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/force 34

force | forces [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "force"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/force

Macmillan American Dictionary:

coerce [transitive] | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "coerce"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/coerce

force [transitive, verb] | forced [past tense] | forcing [present participle] | forces [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "force"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/force 34

force [noun] | forces [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "force"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/force

Cambridge Dictionary:

coerce [formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "coerce"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "coerce"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/coerce

force [entry 5]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "force"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "force"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/force 5

the Free Dictionary:

coerce

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "coerce"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "coerce"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "coerce" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/coerce

force

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "force"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "force"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "force" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/force

Google Dictionary:

coerce | coerced [past tense] | coercing [present participle] | coerces [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "coerce"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=coerce

force | forces [plural] | forced [past tense] | forcing [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "force"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=force

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

coerce

Audio: North American pronunciation of "coerce"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=coerce​01 word=coerce

force

Audio: North American pronunciation of "force"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=force​001 word=force

YourDictionary Audio:

coerce

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "coerce" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/coerce

force

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "force" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/force

freedictionary.org:

Coerce

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Coerce" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=coerce

Force

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Force" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=force

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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