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cleave (make)

Definition:

to make by cutting into

Class:

contact verb (touching, hitting, tying, digging, etc.)

Related to:

cleft

Past tenses:

cleaved | cleft | clove

Past participles:

cleaved | cleft | cloven

Present participle:

cleaving

3rd-person singular present:

cleaves

Type of:

make

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Followed by:

cut

Usage example:

The water is going to cleave a channel into the rock

Etymology:

Middle English cleven, from the Old English strong verb clēofan, from...
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

All senses of cleave...

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

cleave | cleavable [adjective, derived]

to split or cause to split, especially along a natural weakness | [transitive] to make by or as if by cutting | [when] intr, followed by through to ... (26 of 534 words, 4 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/cleave

Random House Dictionary:

cleave | cleaved [past tense] | clave [archaic, past tense] | cleft [archaic, past tense] | clove [archaic, past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle]

to adhere closely; stick; cling (usually followed by "to"). | to remain faithful (usually followed by "to"). | "cleave" : to split or divide by or as ... (25 of 154 words, 8 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/cleave

American Heritage Dictionary:

cleave | cleft [past tense] | cleaved [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [present participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present] | cleavable [adjective, related]

To split with or as if with a sharp instrument. See Synonyms at tear1. | To make or accomplish by or as if by cutting | To pierce or ... (27 of 138 words, 8 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cleave

Oxford Dictionary:

cleave [entry 1] | clove [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | cleaved [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleavable [derived]

split or sever (something), especially along a natural line or grain | split (a molecule) by breaking a particular chemical bond. | [intransitive, ... (21 of 130 words, 4 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/cleave

cleave [entry 2] | cleave to

("cleave to") [literary] | stick fast to | adhere strongly to (a particular pursuit or belief) | become very strongly involved with or emotionally ... (21 of 100 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/cleave--2

Wiktionary:

cleave | cleaves [plural] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cleaved [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle]

[transitive] To split or sever something or as if with a sharp instrument. | [transitive, mineralogy] To break a single crystal (such as a gemstone or semiconductor wafer) along one of its more symmetrical crystallographic planes (often by impact), ... (38 of 121 words, 8 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/cleave

Merriam-Webster:

cleave [entry 1, verb] | cleaved [past tense] | clove [past tense] | clave [past tense] | cleaving [present participle] | cloven [past participle]

to adhere firmly and closely or loyally and unwaveringly (9 of 42 words, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cleave

cleave [entry 2, verb] | cleaved [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle] | split [synonym, sense-specific]

to divide by or as if by a cutting blow; "split" | to separate into distinct parts and especially into groups having divergent views | to subject to ... (26 of 107 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cleave show=1

New World Dictionary:

cleave | cleaved [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [present participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleavable [adjective, related]

to divide by a blow, as with an ax; split | to pierce | to sever; disunite | to split; separate; fall apart | to make one's way by or as by cutting | ... (29 of 104 words, 7 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cleave

cleave | cleaved [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [present participle] | cleavable [adjective, related]

to divide by a blow, as with an ax; split | to pierce | to sever; disunite | to split; separate; fall apart | to make one's way by or as by cutting (29 of 71 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cleaved

Wikipedia:

Cleave [disambiguation]

may refer to: Cleave (surname) | Cleave (fiber), a controlled break in optical fiber | RAF Cleave, airbase in Cornwall, England, 1939-1945 | Cleeve (disambiguation) | Cleaves | Van Cleave (25 of 77 words, 6 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Cleave

Macmillan British Dictionary:

cleave [transitive, literary] | cleaved [past tense] | clovecleft [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

to cut or break something into two parts with a lot of force (13 of 49 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/cleave

Cambridge Dictionary:

cleave [United States, literary or old use] | cleaved [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [past participle]

to separate or divide, or cause something to separate or divide, often violently (13 of 48 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/cleave

Britannica Encyclopedia:

clove [plant]

small, reddish-brown flower bud of the tropical evergreen tree Syzygium aromaticum of the family Myrtaceae, important in the earliest spice trade and ... (22 of 369 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/122415​/clove

Columbia Encyclopedia:

clove

name for a small evergreen tree ("Syzygium aromaticum" or "Eugenia caryophyllata") of the family Myrtaceae (myrtle family) and for its unopened flower ... (22 of 182 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0812628​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

cleave [entry 1] | cleaved [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

to split, or make something split, especially along a plane of natural weakness | to make a way through something (literary) | to penetrate or pierce ... (24 of 97 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861597743​/definition​.html  [offline]

cleave [entry 2, formal] | cleaved [past tense] | clove [past tense] | clave [past tense] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

to cling closely, steadfastly, or faithfully to somebody or something (10 of 65 words, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861597742​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

cleave | cleaves [plural] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cleaved [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle]

Origin: Middle English cleven, from the Old English strong verb clēofan, from Proto-Germanic *kleubaną,... | Old English cleofian, from Proto-Germanic *klibjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gley- ("to stick")... (24 of 51 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/cleave

New World Dictionary:

cleave | cleaved [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [present participle] | cleaving [present participle]

Origin: Middle English cleven from Old English cleofan; akin to ... | Middle English cleven from Old English cleofian, to adhere; akin ... (20 of 47 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cleave

cleave | cleaved [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [present participle]

Origin: Middle English cleven from Old English cleofan; akin to German klieben from Indo-European base *gleubh-, to cut, slice ... (18 of 26 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cleaved

Collins Dictionary:

cleave

Origin: Old English clēofan; related to Old Norse kljūfa, Old High German klioban, Latin glūbere to peel | Old English ... (18 of 27 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/cleave

American Heritage Dictionary:

cleave | cleft [past tense] | cleaved [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [present participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English cleven, from Old English clēofan; see gleubh- in Indo-European roots. | Middle English cleven, from Old English cleofian.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cleave

Merriam-Webster:

cleave [entry 1, verb] | cleaved [past tense] | clove [past tense] | clave [past tense] | cleaving [present participle]

First use: before 12th century

Origin: Middle English clevien, from Old English clifian; akin to Old High German kleben to stick

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cleave

cleave [entry 2, verb] | cleaved [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle]

First use: before 12th century

Origin: Middle English cleven, from Old English clēofan; akin to Old Norse kljūfa to split, Latin glubere to peel, Greek glyphein to carve

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cleave show=1

Oxford Dictionary:

cleave [entry 1] | clove [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | cleaved [past tense] | cloven [past participle]

Origin: Old English clēofan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch klieven and German klieben

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/cleave

cleave [entry 2] | cleave to

Origin: Old English cleofian, clifian, clīfan, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch kleven and German kleben, also to "clay" and "climb"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/cleave--2

Encarta Dictionary:

cleave [entry 1] | cleaved [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Old English clēofan from Indo-European

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861597743​/definition​.html  [offline]

cleave [entry 2, formal] | cleaved [past tense] | clove [past tense] | clave [past tense] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Old English cleofian from Indo-European

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861597742​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

cleave

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "cleave"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/cleave

Macmillan British Dictionary:

cleave [transitive, literary] | cleaved [past tense] | clovecleft [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "cleave"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/cleave

Macmillan American Dictionary:

cleave [transitive, literary, verb] | cleaved [past tense] | clovecleft [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "cleave"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/cleave

Cambridge Dictionary:

cleave [United States, literary or old use] | cleaved [past tense] | clove [past tense] | cloven [past participle]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "cleave"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "cleave"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/cleave

the Free Dictionary:

cleave

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "cleave"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "cleave"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "cleave" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/cleave

Google Dictionary:

cleave | clove [past tense] | cleft [past tense] | cleaved [past tense] | cloven [past participle] | cleaving [present participle] | cleaves [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "cleave"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=cleave

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

cleave

Audio: North American pronunciation of "cleave"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=cleave​01 word=cleave

YourDictionary Audio:

cleave

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "cleave" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cleave

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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