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a correctional institution where persons are confined while on trial or for punishment


artifact noun (man-made objects)



Original source:

Princeton WordNet


prison | prison house | bridewell [archaic, Britain] | choky [Britain, outdated, slang]


(in the sense "customs or toll house"): Anglo-Indian, from Hindi caukī ;...
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)


Prison | gaol | jail | Imprisonment | incarceration

a place in which people are physically confined and usually deprived of a range of personal freedoms. Imprisonment or incarceration is a legal penalty that may be imposed by the state for the commission of a crime. Other terms used are penitentiary, ... (42 of 4255 words, 6 images)


Prison (disambiguation)

a place of detention. Prison may also refer to: Prison (1949 film), by Ingmar Bergman | Prison (1988 film), starring Viggo Mortensen | Prisons (album), a 2006 album by Eyes of Fire | Prison Oval, Jamaican stadium | En prison, a roulette term | Prison ... (40 of 133 words, 8 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Prison (disambiguation)

Britannica Encyclopedia:


an institution for the confinement of persons who have been remanded in custody by a judicial authority or who have been deprived of their liberty ... (25 of 1079 words, 4 images)


Columbia Encyclopedia:

prison | jail | penitentiary

place of confinement for the punishment and rehabilitation of criminals. By the end of the 18th century imprisonment was the chief mode of punishment ... (24 of 611 words)


Collins Dictionary:

prison | slammer [slang, synonym] | the poky [United States, Canadian, slang, synonym] | the slammer [slang, synonym]

a public building used to house convicted criminals and accused persons remanded in custody and awaiting trial "jail", "penitentiary", "reformatory" | ... (20 of 522 words, 2 definitions, 12 usage examples, pronunciation)


American Heritage Dictionary:

prison | prisoned [past tense] | prisoning [present participle] | prisons [3rd-person singular present]

A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention, especially persons convicted of crimes. | A place or condition of confinement or forcible ... (23 of 246 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)



prison [entry 1, noun] | big house [prisons, slang] | calaboose [prisons] | cooler [prisons] | hock [prisons] | jailhouse [prisons] | lockup [prisons] | penitentiary [prisons] | quod [prisons, British, slang] | ...

a state of confinement or captivity | a place of confinement especially for lawbreakers ; specifically, an institution (as one under state ... (21 of 206 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)


prison [entry 2, verb] | imprison [synonym] | confine [synonym]

"imprison", "confine" (2 of 15 words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/prison show=1

Macmillan British Dictionary:

prison [noun] | prisons [plural]

[countable/uncountable] an institution where people are kept as punishment for committing a crime. The people who stay in prison are called prisoners ... (22 of 123 words, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)


Cambridge Dictionary:

prison | correctional center [United States] | correctional facility [United States] | the slammer [slang]

a building where criminals are forced to live as a punishment | the system of keeping people in prisons | a situation or relationship from which it's ... (25 of 114 words, 3 definitions, 10 usage examples, pronunciation)


Oxford Dictionary:

prison | prisoned [past tense] | prisoning [present participle] | prisons [3rd-person singular present] | stir [informal] | quod [British, informal, outdated] | jailhouse [North American] | hoosegow [North American, informal] | clink [singular, informal] | ...

a building to which people are legally committed as a punishment for a crime or while awaiting trial | [transitive, literary] | imprison (21 of 89 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)


New World Dictionary:


a place where persons are confined | a building, usually with cells, where convicted criminals, especially those serving longer sentences, are ... (20 of 74 words, 4 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)



prison | prisoned [past tense] | prisoning [present participle] | prisons [3rd-person singular present] | correctional institution [United States] | correctional institutions [United States, plural] | correctional facility [United States] | correctional facilities [United States, plural] | prison. [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

A place of long-term confinement for those convicted of serious crimes, or otherwise considered undesirable by the government. | [uncountable] Confinement in prison. | [informal] Any restrictive environment, such as a harsh academy or home. |... (33 of 43 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)


Random House Dictionary:

prison | bridewell [British] | state prison [sense-specific] | imprisonment [synonym, sense-specific]

a building for the confinement of persons held while awaiting trial, persons sentenced after conviction, etc. | "state prison" | any place of ... (21 of 36 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)


Encarta Dictionary:

prison | prisons [plural] | prisoned [past tense] | prisoning [present participle]

a secure place where somebody is confined as punishment for a crime or while waiting to stand trial | a place or condition of captivity or unwanted ... (26 of 87 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861736872​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

chokey | chokeys [plural] | chokies [plural] | choky

First use: early 17th century

Origin: (in the sense "customs or toll house"): Anglo-Indian, from Hindi caukī ; influenced by "choke1"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/chokey

Collins Dictionary:

chokey | choky

First use: 17th century

Origin: from Anglo-Indian, from Hindi caukī a shed or lockup




Origin: choke + -y


choke | chokes [plural] | choked [past tense] | choking [present participle]

Origin: Middle English choken (also cheken), from Old English *ċēocian, āċēocian ("to choke"), probably derived from Old English ċēoce, ċēace ("jaw, cheek"), see cheek. Cognate with Icelandic... (26 of 34 etymology words)



Origin: Middle English -y, -i, from Old English -iġ ("-y, -ic", suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-īgaz ("-y, ... | Middle English and Scots | Anglo-Norman and Middle French -ie and -e, from Latin -ia,... (30 of 81 etymology words)


Encarta Dictionary:

choky [crimes, British, dated, slang]

First use: Early 17th century

Origin: Hindi caukī "lockup", influenced by choke [entry 1]

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 561502678​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

the Free Dictionary:


Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "chokey"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "chokey"



Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "choky"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "choky"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "choky" by speech synthesizer


Collins Dictionary:

choky | chokey

Audio: British English pronunciation of "choky"


Google Dictionary:

choky | chokier [comparative] | chokiest [superlative]

Audio: English pronunciation of "choky"


Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:


Audio: North American pronunciation of "choky"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=choky​001 word=choky

YourDictionary Audio:


Audio: North American English pronunciation of "choky" by speech synthesizer


Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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