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chastise

Definition:

to censure severely

Class:

communication verb (telling, asking, ordering, singing, etc.)

Related to:

chastisement

Past tense:

chastised

Present participle:

chastising

3rd-person singular present:

chastises

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Example:

flame

Usage example:

She chastised him for his insensitive remarks

Etymology:

chastisen, from Old French chastiier (12th century) "to warn, advise, instruct;...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

chastise | chastisable [adjective, derived]

to discipline or punish, especially by beating | to scold severely (10 of 537 words, 2 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chastise

Wikipedia:

Castigation | chastisement | castigator

the infliction of severe punishment. One who administers a castigation is a castigator or chastiser. In earlier times, castigation specifically meant restoring one to a religiously pure state, called chastity. In ancient Rome, it was also a term for... (39 of 224 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Castigation

Merriam-Webster:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | castigate [synonym, sense-specific] | chasten [synonym, sense-specific] | baste [synonym, sense-specific] | bawl out [synonym, sense-specific] | berate [synonym, sense-specific] | call down [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to inflict punishment on (as by whipping) | to censure severely; "castigate" | [archaic] "chasten" [sense-specific] (14 of 181 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/chastise

Oxford Dictionary:

chastise | chastisement [derived] | chastiser [derived]

rebuke or reprimand severely | [outdated] : punish, especially by beating (10 of 85 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/chastise

Macmillan British Dictionary:

chastise [transitive] | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present] | chastisement [noun, uncountable, related]

[journalism] to criticize someone | [outdated] to punish someone by hitting them (11 of 43 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chastise

American Heritage Dictionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present] | chastisable [adjective, related] | chastisement [noun, related] | chastiser [noun, related]

To punish, as by beating. | To criticize severely; rebuke. | [archaic] To purify. (12 of 42 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chastise

New World Dictionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastisement [noun, related] | chastiser [noun, related]

to punish, especially by beating | to scold or condemn sharply | [archaic] to chasten (13 of 37 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chastise

Cambridge Dictionary:

chastise [formal] | chastisement [noun, derived]

to criticize someone severely (4 of 30 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chastise

Random House Dictionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle]

to discipline, especially by corporal punishment. | to criticize severely. | [archaic] to restrain; chasten. | [archaic] to refine; purify. (17 of 27 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/chastise

Wiktionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present] | chastize | reprehend [synonym]

To punish or scold someone. (5 of 13 words, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chastise

Britannica Encyclopedia:

jaw [anatomy]

either of a pair of bones that form the framework of the mouth of vertebrate animals, usually containing teeth and including a movable lower jaw and ... (26 of 394 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/301800​/jaw

Encarta Dictionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present]

to punish or scold somebody (5 of 48 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861596371​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

chastise

First use: about 1300

Origin: chastisen, from Old French chastiier (12th century) "to warn, advise, instruct; chastize, admonish; punish; dominate, tame" (Mod.French ... (19 of 56 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=chastise

chasten

First use: 1520s

Origin: obsolete verb chaste "to correct (someone's) behavior" (Middle English chastien, about 1200), from Old French chastiier "to punish".

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=chasten

Oxford Dictionary:

chastise

Origin: Middle English: apparently formed irregularly from the obsolete verb chaste (see "chasten")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/chastise

chasten

First use: early 16th century

Origin: an obsolete verb chaste, from Old French chastier, from Latin castigare "castigate", from castus "morally pure, chaste"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/chasten

New World Dictionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle]

Origin: Middle English chastisen from extended stem of Old French chastier: see "chasten"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chastise

chasten

Origin: Middle English chastien from Old French chastier from Latin castigare, to punish, chastise: see "castigate"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chasten

American Heritage Dictionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English chastisen, alteration of chasten, chastien; see "chasten".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chastise

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Alteration of obsolete chaste, from Middle English chasten, chastien, from Old French chastiier, from Latin castigāre; see "castigate".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chasten

Collins Dictionary:

chastise

First use: 14th century

Origin: chastisen, irregularly from chastien to chasten

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chastise

chasten

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Old French chastier, from Latin castigāre; see castigate

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chasten

Merriam-Webster:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English chastisen, alteration of chasten

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/chastise

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: alteration of obsolete English chaste to chasten, from Middle English, from Anglo-French chastier, from Latin castigare, from ... (19 of 25 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/chasten

Wiktionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present] | chastize

Origin: Old French chastier, from Latin castigo

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chastise

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: chaste + -en

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chasten

chaste

Origin: Old French chaste ("morally pure"), from Latin castus ("pure").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chaste

-en

Origin: Middle English -n, -en, past participle ending of strong verbs (compare Middle English taken, took, taken: "take, took, ... | Proto-Germanic. | Middle English -enen, -enien, from Old English -nian, from Proto-Germanic ... (30 of 162 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/-en

Encarta Dictionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: obsolete chaste "rebuke", via Old French chastier from Latin castigare

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861596371​/definition​.html  [offline]

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

First use: Early 16th century

Origin: obsolete chaste

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861596369​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "chasten"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "Chasten"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chasten

Collins Dictionary:

chastise

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "chastise"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "chastise"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chastise

chasten

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chasten

Macmillan British Dictionary:

chastise [transitive] | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "chastise"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chastise

chasten [transitive, passive, formal] | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chasten

Macmillan American Dictionary:

chastise [transitive] | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chastise"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/chastise

chasten [transitive, passive, formal] | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/chasten

Cambridge Dictionary:

chastise [formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "chastise"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "chastise"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chastise

chasten [formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "chasten"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "chasten"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chasten

the Free Dictionary:

chastise

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "chastise"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "chastise"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "chastise" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/chastise

chasten

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "chasten"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "chasten"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "chasten" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/chasten

Google Dictionary:

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "chastise"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=chastise

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=chasten

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

chastise

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chastise"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=chasti​01 word=chastise

chasten

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=chaste​03 word=chasten

YourDictionary Audio:

chastise

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "chastise" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chastise

chasten

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "chasten" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chasten

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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