Memidex: Free online dictionary/thesaurus and more....
| Free Tools | Preferences | About | Contact | Index

chasten

verb

  1. (call on the carpet)  to censure severely
    Synonyms: castigate, chastise, correct, objurgate. Type of: call on the carpet
  2. (change)  to correct by punishment or discipline
    Synonyms: subdue, tame. Type of: change
  3. (disable)  to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement
    Synonyms: confine, hold, hold down, moderate, restrain, temper. Type of: disable

Etymology summary

alteration of obsolete English chaste to chasten, from Middle English, from...
(Source: Merriam-Webster)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

chasten | subdue [synonym, sense-specific] | restrain [synonym, sense-specific] | tame [synonym, sense-specific] | temper [synonym, sense-specific] | chastener [noun, derived]

to bring to a state of submission; subdue; tame | to discipline or correct by punishment | to moderate; restrain; temper (19 of 363 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chasten

Merriam-Webster:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | subdue [synonym, sense-specific] | discipline [synonym, sense-specific] | refine [synonym, sense-specific] | also [synonym, sense-specific] | castigate [synonym, sense-specific] | punish [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to correct by punishment or suffering; "discipline" ; also, "purify" | to prune (as a work or style of art) of excess, pretense, or falsity; "refine" ... (25 of 176 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/chasten

Oxford Dictionary:

chasten | chastener [derived]

(of a reproof or misfortune) have a restraining or moderating effect on | [archaic] : (especially of God) discipline; punish. (19 of 79 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/chasten

American Heritage Dictionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present] | chastener [noun, related]

To correct by punishment or reproof; take to task. | To restrain; subdue | To rid of excess; refine or purify (19 of 58 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chasten

Macmillan British Dictionary:

chasten [transitive, passive, formal] | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

to make someone feel ashamed or less confident (8 of 46 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chasten

Wiktionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

To punish (in order to bring about improvement in behavior, attitude, etc.); to restrain, moderate | To make chaste; to purify. | To punish or reprimand for the sake of improvement; to discipline. | To render humble or restrained. (36 of 42 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chasten

New World Dictionary:

chasten | chastener [noun, related]

to punish in order to correct or make better; chastise | to restrain from excess; subdue | to make purer in style; refine (21 of 40 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chasten

Cambridge Dictionary:

chasten [formal]

to make someone understand that they have failed or done something wrong and make them want to improve (18 of 36 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chasten

Random House Dictionary:

chasten

to inflict suffering upon for purposes of moral improvement; chastise. | to restrain; subdue. | to make chaste in style. (18 of 32 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/chasten

Encarta Dictionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

to make somebody less self-satisfied or self-assertive and more subdued | to subject somebody to discipline | to moderate the intensity of something (21 of 68 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861596369​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Merriam-Webster:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: alteration of obsolete English chaste to chasten, from Middle English, from Anglo-French chastier, from Latin castigare, from ... (19 of 25 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/chasten

Oxford Dictionary:

chasten

First use: early 16th century

Origin: an obsolete verb chaste, from Old French chastier, from Latin castigare "castigate", from castus "morally pure, chaste"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/chasten

Online Etymology:

chasten

First use: 1520s

Origin: obsolete verb chaste "to correct (someone's) behavior" (Middle English chastien, about 1200), from Old French chastiier "to punish".

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=chasten

American Heritage Dictionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Alteration of obsolete chaste, from Middle English chasten, chastien, from Old French chastiier, from Latin castigāre; see "castigate".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chasten

New World Dictionary:

chasten

Origin: Middle English chastien from Old French chastier from Latin castigare, to punish, chastise: see "castigate"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chasten

Collins Dictionary:

chasten

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Old French chastier, from Latin castigāre; see castigate

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chasten

Wiktionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: chaste + -en

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chasten

chaste

Origin: Old French chaste ("morally pure"), from Latin castus ("pure").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chaste

-en

Origin: Middle English -n, -en, past participle ending of strong verbs (compare Middle English taken, took, taken: "take, took, ... | Proto-Germanic. | Middle English -enen, -enien, from Old English -nian, from Proto-Germanic ... (30 of 162 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/-en

Encarta Dictionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

First use: Early 16th century

Origin: obsolete chaste

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861596369​/definition​.html  [offline]

chastise | chastised [past tense] | chastising [present participle] | chastises [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: obsolete chaste "rebuke", via Old French chastier from Latin castigare

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861596371​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "chasten"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "Chasten"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chasten

Collins Dictionary:

chasten

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chasten

Macmillan British Dictionary:

chasten [transitive, passive, formal] | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chasten

Macmillan American Dictionary:

chasten [transitive, passive, formal] | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/chasten

Cambridge Dictionary:

chasten [formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "chasten"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "chasten"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chasten

the Free Dictionary:

chasten

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "chasten"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "chasten"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "chasten" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/chasten

Google Dictionary:

chasten | chastened [past tense] | chastening [present participle] | chastens [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=chasten

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

chasten

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chasten"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=chaste​03 word=chasten

YourDictionary Audio:

chasten

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "chasten" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chasten

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

Copyright © 2008-2013 Memidex