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Catharism

Definition:

a Christian movement considered to be a medieval descendant of Manichaeism in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; characterized by dualism (asserted the coexistence of 2 mutually opposed principles, one good and one evil); was exterminated for heresy during the Inquisition

Class:

cognition noun (cognitive processes and contents)

Plural:

Catharisms

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

from Medieval Latin Cathari, from Greek katharoi the pure
(Source: Collins Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Catharism

a Christian dualist movement that thrived in some areas of Southern Europe, particularly northern Italy and southern France, between the 12th and 14th centuries. Cathar beliefs varied between communities because Catharism was initially taught by... (35 of 8117 words, pronunciation, 6 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Catharism

Collins Dictionary:

Catharism | Cathars [plural] | Cathari [plural] | Catharists [plural] | Cathar | Catharist

[Christianity] the religion of the Cathars | a member of a Christian sect in Provence in the 12th and 13th centuries who believed the material world ... (25 of 313 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/catharism

Merriam-Webster:

Cathar | Cathari [plural] | Cathars [plural] | Catharism [noun, related] | Catharist [adjective, related] | Catharistic [adjective, related]

a member of one of various ascetic and dualistic Christian sects especially of the later Middle Ages teaching that matter is evil and professing faith ... (25 of 77 words, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cathar

American Heritage Dictionary:

Cathar | Cathari [plural] | Cathars [plural] | Catharism [noun, related] | Catharist [adjective, noun, related]

A member of a Christian sect flourishing in western Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries that professed a dualistic belief emphasizing ascetic ... (23 of 69 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cathar

Oxford Dictionary:

Cathar | Catharism [derived] | Catharist [derived]

a member of a heretical medieval Christian sect which professed a form of Manichaean dualism and sought to achieve great spiritual purity (22 of 60 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/Cathar

Wiktionary:

Catharism

A Christian religious sect of mediaeval Europe, with dualistic and gnostic elements. (12 of 14 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/Catharism

Britannica Encyclopedia:

Christianity

major religion, stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth in the 1st century ad. It has become the largest of the world's ... (26 of 2876 words, 36 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/115240​/Christianity

New World Dictionary:

Christianity | Xnty

Christians collectively | the Christian religion, based upon belief in Jesus as the Christ and upon his teachings | a particular Christian religious ... (21 of 46 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation, 1 image)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/christianity

Random House Dictionary:

Christianity | Christianities [plural] | Christendom [synonym, sense-specific]

the Christian religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches. | Christian beliefs or practices; Christian quality or ... (18 of 69 words, 6 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/christianity

Columbia Encyclopedia:

Christianity | Jesus Christ

religion founded in Palestine by the followers of Jesus. One of the world's major religions, it predominates in Europe and the Americas, where it has ... (25 of 47 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/society​/A​0812098​.html

Macmillan British Dictionary:

Christianity [uncountable]

the religion based on the ideas of Jesus Christ. Its followers worship in a church. (15 of 39 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/Christianity

Cambridge Dictionary:

Christianity

a religion based on belief in God and the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, and on the Bible (19 of 25 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/christianity

Encarta Dictionary:

Christianity | Xnty. [Christianity, abbreviation] | Xty. [Christianity, abbreviation]

the religion based on the life, teachings, and example of Jesus Christ | the fact of holding Christian beliefs or of being a Christian | all Christian ... (25 of 56 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861597092​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology reference

Collins Dictionary:

Catharism | Cathars [plural] | Cathari [plural] | Catharists [plural] | Cathar | Catharist

Origin: from Medieval Latin Cathari, from Greek katharoi the pure

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/catharism

Audio references

the Free Dictionary:

Catharism

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "Catharism"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "Catharism"

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/Catharism

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

Catharism

Audio: North American pronunciation of "Catharism"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=cathar​03 word=Catharism

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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