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betroth

Definition:

to give to in marriage

Class:

communication verb (telling, asking, ordering, singing, etc.)

Related to:

betrothal

Past tense:

betrothed

Present participle:

betrothing

3rd-person singular present:

betroths

Type of:

vow » pledge » promise » declare

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

affiance | engage | plight | trothplight [archaic]

Etymology:

Middle English betreuthe: from "be-" (expressing transitivity) + "truth". The...
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Engagement | betrothal | betrothed | affianced | engaged to be married | engaged | the betrothed | wife-to-be | husband-to-be | ...

a promise to marry, and also the period of time between proposal and marriage - which may be lengthy or trivial. During this period, a couple is said to be betrothed, affianced, engaged to be married, or simply engaged. Future brides and grooms may be ... (45 of 2715 words, 4 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Engagement

Collins Dictionary:

betroth [transitive, archaic]

to promise to marry or to give in marriage (9 of 252 words, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/betroth

Oxford Dictionary:

betroth | be betrothed | betrothal [derived]

Syllabification: (be·troth) | (usually "be betrothed") [outdated] | enter into a formal agreement to marry (13 of 64 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/betroth

betroth [transitive, outdated] | betrothment [derived]

formally engage (someone) to be married (6 of 58 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/betroth

American Heritage Dictionary:

betroth | betrothed [past tense] | betrothing [present participle] | betroths [3rd-person singular present]

To promise to give in marriage | [archaic] To promise to marry. (11 of 46 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/betroth

Cambridge Dictionary:

betroth [dated] | betrothal [noun, derived]

to cause someone to promise formally to marry someone (9 of 42 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/betroth

Merriam-Webster:

betroth | trothplight [verb, archaic]

to promise to marry | to give in marriage (8 of 37 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/betroth

Random House Dictionary:

betroth

to arrange for the marriage of; affiance (usually used in passive constructions). | [archaic] to promise to marry. (17 of 34 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/betroth

Wiktionary:

betroth | betrothed [past tense] | betrothing [present participle] | betroths [3rd-person singular present]

To promise to give in marriage. | To promise to take (as a future spouse); to plight one's troth to. (19 of 32 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/betroth

New World Dictionary:

betroth

[obsolete] to promise to marry | to promise in marriage (9 of 29 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/betroth

Macmillan British Dictionary:

plight [singular]

a sad, serious, or difficult situation (6 of 35 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/plight

plight [transitive, verb] | plighted [past tense] | plighting [present participle] | plights [3rd-person singular present]

see troth (2 of 31 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/plight 5

Britannica Encyclopedia:

vow [religion]

sacred voluntary promise to dedicate oneself or members of one's family or community to a special obligation that goes beyond usual social or ... (23 of 535 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/633090​/vow

Encarta Dictionary:

betroth [archaic] | betrothed [past tense] | betrothing [present participle] | betroths [3rd-person singular present]

to promise to marry somebody, or promise that somebody will marry somebody (12 of 47 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861590221​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

betroth | be betrothed

Origin: Middle English betreuthe: from "be-" (expressing transitivity) + "truth". The change in the second syllable was due to association with "troth"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/betroth

American Heritage Dictionary:

betroth | betrothed [past tense] | betrothing [present participle] | betroths [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English bitrouthen: bi-, be- + trouth, troth (from Old English trēowth; see deru- in Indo-European roots).

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/betroth

New World Dictionary:

betroth

Origin: Middle English bitrouthen from be-, "be-" + treuthe from Old English treowth, truth

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/betroth

Online Etymology:

betroth

First use: about 1300

Origin: betrouthen, from bi- "thoroughly" + Old English treowðe "truth, a pledge".

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=betroth

Merriam-Webster:

betroth

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from be- + trouthe truth, troth

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/betroth

Wiktionary:

betroth | betrothed [past tense] | betrothing [present participle] | betroths [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English bitreuthien, from treuthe, "truth". See also troth

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/betroth

Collins Dictionary:

betroth [transitive, archaic]

First use: 14th century

Origin: betreuthen, from be- + treuthetroth, truth

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/betroth

Encarta Dictionary:

betroth [archaic] | betrothed [past tense] | betrothing [present participle] | betroths [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: be- + truth

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861590221​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

betroth [transitive, archaic]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "betroth"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/betroth

Cambridge Dictionary:

betroth [dated]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "betroth"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "betroth"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/betroth

the Free Dictionary:

betroth

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "betroth"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "betroth"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "betroth" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/betroth

Google Dictionary:

betroth | betrothed [past tense] | betrothing [present participle] | betroths [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "betroth"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=betroth

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

betroth

Audio: North American pronunciation of "betroth"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=betrot​02 word=betroth

betroth

Audio: North American pronunciation of "betroth"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=betrot​01 word=betroth

YourDictionary Audio:

betroth

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "betroth" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/betroth

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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