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benight (overwhelm)

Definition:

to overtake with darkness or night

Class:

emotion verb (feeling)

Past tense:

benighted

Present participle:

benighting

3rd-person singular present:

benights

Type of:

overwhelm » arouse » make

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

"to be overtaken by darkness", from "be-" + "night". Figurative sense...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of benight...

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

benight

to shroud in physical, moral or intellectual darkness | to dazzle or deprive sight (13 of 245 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/benight

Wiktionary:

benight | benighted [past tense] | benighting [present participle] | benights [3rd-person singular present]

[transitive] To overtake with night. | [transitive, traveller etc] To be caught out by oncoming night before reaching one's destination | [transitive] To darken (22 of 37 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/benight

Merriam-Webster:

benighted | unenlightened [synonym, sense-specific] | analphabetic [synonym, sense-specific] | ignorant [synonym, sense-specific] | dark [synonym, sense-specific] | illiterate [synonym, sense-specific] | nonliterate [synonym, sense-specific] | rude [synonym, sense-specific] | simple [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

overtaken by darkness or night | existing in a state of intellectual, moral, or social darkness; "unenlightened" (16 of 144 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/benighted

Oxford Dictionary:

benighted | benightedness [derived]

in a state of pitiful or contemptible intellectual or moral ignorance | overtaken by darkness (14 of 94 words, 2 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/benighted

Macmillan British Dictionary:

benighted

lacking knowledge or advantages that other people or places have (10 of 33 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/benighted

Cambridge Dictionary:

benighted [literary]

without knowledge or morals (4 of 26 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/benighted

New World Dictionary:

benighted

caught or surrounded by darkness or night | intellectually or morally backward; unenlightened (12 of 25 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/benighted

Random House Dictionary:

benighted

intellectually or morally ignorant; unenlightened. | overtaken by darkness or night. (10 of 23 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/benighted

American Heritage Dictionary:

benighted | benightedly [adverb, related] | benightedness [noun, related]

Overtaken by night or darkness. | Being in a state of moral or intellectual darkness; unenlightened. (15 of 21 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/benighted

Wikipedia:

OverPower

a collectible card game produced by Fleer Corporation originally featuring characters from Marvel Comics and later from DC Comics and Image Comics. The game was initially launched in August 1995 and is no longer in production. In the game, two players ... (41 of 3754 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Over​Power

Columbia Encyclopedia:

transmission | clutch

in automobiles, system of parts connecting the engine to the wheels. Suitable torque, or turning force, is generated by the engine only within a ... (24 of 673 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0849282​.html

Britannica Encyclopedia:

clutch [machine component]

device for quickly and easily connecting or disconnecting a pair of rotatable coaxial shafts. Clutches are usually placed between the driving motor ... (22 of 222 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/122640​/clutch

Encarta Dictionary:

benighted | benightedly [adverb, derived] | benightedness [noun, derived]

unenlightened intellectually, socially, or morally (formal) | overtaken by night or the dark (archaic) (13 of 35 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861589997​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

benight

First use: 1550s

Origin: "to be overtaken by darkness", from "be-" + "night". Figurative sense (especially in past participle adjective benighted) of "to involve in ... (22 of 29 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=benight

Wiktionary:

benight | benighted [past tense] | benighting [present participle] | benights [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: be- + night.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/benight

be-

Origin: Middle English be-, bi-, from Old English be- ("be-"), from Proto-Germanic *bi- ("be-"), from Proto-Germanic *bi ("near, by"). See by. Cognate with Dutch be- ("be-"), German be- ("be-"),... (28 of 34 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/be-

night | nighted [past tense] | nighting [present participle] | nights [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English night, nyght, niȝt, naht, from Old English niht, neht, nyht, neaht, næht ("night"), from Proto-Germanic *nahts ("night"), from Proto-Indo-European *nókʷts ... (22 of 59 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/night

Audio reference

the Free Dictionary:

benight

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "benight"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "benight"

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/benight

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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