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atropine

Definition:

a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides

Class:

artifact noun (man-made objects)

Plural:

atropines

Type of:

antidote » remedy » medicine » drug

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Example:

belladonna

Synonyms:

atropin | C17H23NO3 [chemical formula]

Etymology:

Latin atropa "deadly nightshade" (from which the alkaloid poison is extracted),...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Atropine | C17H23NO3  [chemical formula]

a naturally occurring tropane alkaloid extracted from deadly nightshade, Jimson weed, mandrake and other plants of the family Solanaceae. It's a secondary metabolite of these plants and serves as a drug with a wide variety of effects. In general,... (39 of 3908 words, 3 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Atropine

Britannica Encyclopedia:

atropine [chemical compound] | Hyoscyamus muticus [species]

poisonous, crystalline substance belonging to a class of compounds known as alkaloids and used in medicine. Its chief use is in ophthalmology, in ... (23 of 383 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/42015​/atropine

Collins Dictionary:

atropine | atropin | C17H23NO3 [chemical formula] | atropia

a poisonous alkaloid obtained from deadly nightshade, having an inhibitory action on the autonomic nervous system. It's used medicinally in ... (20 of 390 words, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/atropine

Columbia Encyclopedia:

atropine

alkaloid drug derived from belladonna and other plants of the family Solanaceae (nightshade family). Available either as the tincture or extract of ... (22 of 166 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0805248​.html

Merriam-Webster:

atropine

a racemic mixture of hyoscyamine obtained from any of various solanaceous plants (as belladonna) and used especially in the form of its sulfate for ... (24 of 70 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/atropine

Oxford Dictionary:

atropine [chemistry] | C17N23NO3 [chemical formula]

a poisonous compound found in deadly nightshade and related plants. It's used in medicine as a muscle relaxant, e.g. in dilating the pupil of the ... (25 of 66 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/atropine

atropine | C17N23NO3 [chemical formula, sense-specific]

Syllabification: (at·ro·pine) | [chemistry] | a poisonous compound found in deadly nightshade and related plants. It's used in medicine as a muscle ... (20 of 66 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/atropine

Wiktionary:

atropine [toxicology, pharmacology] | Atropa belladonna [species]

An alkaloid extracted from the plant deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) and other sources. Though overdoses would be fatal it's used as a drug in medicine for its paralytic effects (e.g. in surgery to relax muscles, in dentistry to dry the mouth, in... (42 of 57 words, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/atropine

Random House Dictionary:

atropine [pharmacology] | C17H23NO3 [chemical formula]

a poisonous crystalline alkaloid obtained from belladonna and other plants of the nightshade family, that prevents the response of various body ... (21 of 53 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/atropine

American Heritage Dictionary:

atropine | C17H23NO3 [chemical formula]

A poisonous, bitter, crystalline alkaloid, ..., obtained from belladonna and other related plants. It's used to dilate the pupils of the eyes and as ... (24 of 50 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/atropine

New World Dictionary:

atropine | atropin | C17H23NO3 [chemical formula]

a poisonous, crystalline alkaloid, ..., obtained from belladonna and similar plants: used to relieve spasms and dilate the pupil of the eye (22 of 42 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/atropine

atropine | atropin

a poisonous, crystalline alkaloid, CHNO, obtained from belladonna and similar plants: used to relieve spasms and dilate the pupil of the eye (22 of 42 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/atropin

Macmillan British Dictionary:

alkaloid [countable/uncountable, chemistry] | alkaloids [plural]

a substance found in plants that is used in drugs and poisons. Morphine, nicotine, and strychnine are all alkaloids. (19 of 45 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/alkaloid

Cambridge Dictionary:

alkaloid [specialized]

a type of chemical found in plants that often acts as a drug or poison, or is used in medicines (20 of 31 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/alkaloid

Encarta Dictionary:

atropine | atropin

a poisonous alkaloid obtained from the belladonna plant. Use: muscle relaxant. (11 of 40 words, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861587574​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

atropine

First use: 1836

Origin: Latin atropa "deadly nightshade" (from which the alkaloid poison is extracted), from Greek atropos "inflexible", also the name of one of ... (22 of 28 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=atropine

Merriam-Webster:

atropine

First use: 1836

Origin: German Atropin, from New Latin Atropa, genus name of belladonna, from Greek Atropos, one of the three Fates

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/atropine

Collins Dictionary:

atropine | atropin

First use: 19th century

Origin: from New Latin atropa deadly nightshade, from Greek atropos unchangeable, inflexible; see Atropos

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/atropine

American Heritage Dictionary:

atropine

Origin: From New Latin Atropa, genus name of belladonna, from Greek Atropos, Atropos; see "Atropos".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/atropine

New World Dictionary:

atropine

Origin: Modern Latin Atropa, genus name of belladonna from Greek Atropos (see "Atropos") + "-ine"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/atropin

Oxford Dictionary:

atropine [chemistry]

Origin: mid 19th century: modern Latin Atropa belladonna "deadly nightshade", from "Atropos" + "-ine4"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/atropine

atropine

First use: mid 19th century

Origin: modern Latin Atropa belladonna "deadly nightshade", from "Atropos" + "-ine4"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/atropine

Wiktionary:

atropine [toxicology, pharmacology]

Origin: Atropa ("genus of deadly nightshade") + -ine

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/atropine

Encarta Dictionary:

atropine

First use: Mid-19th century

Origin: modern Latin Atropa, genus name of belladonna

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861587574​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

atropine | atropin

Audio: British English pronunciation of "atropine"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/atropine

atropin | atropine

Audio: British English pronunciation of "atropin"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/atropin

the Free Dictionary:

atropine

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "atropine"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "atropine"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "atropine" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/atropine

Google Dictionary:

atropine

Audio: English pronunciation of "atropine"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=atropine

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

atropine

Audio: North American pronunciation of "atropine"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=atropi​01 word=atropine

YourDictionary Audio:

atropine

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "atropine" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/atropine

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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