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assay (act)

Definition:

to make an effort or attempt

Class:

social verb (politics, social activities, events, etc.)

Past tense:

assayed

Present participle:

assaying

3rd-person singular present:

assays

Type of:

act

Follows:

succeed

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

They assay to move.

Synonyms:

attempt | essay | seek | try | give it a try [informal] | give it a whirl [informal]

Etymology:

[verb] "to try, endeavor, strive; test the quality of", from Anglo-French ... | ...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of assay...

Definition references  (+images)

Collins Dictionary:

attempt | try [synonym, sense-specific] | effort [synonym, sense-specific] | attemptable [adjective, derived]

to make an effort (to do something) or to achieve (something); try | to try to surmount (an obstacle) | to try to climb | [archaic] to attack | ... (25 of 632 words, 8 definitions, 11 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/attempt

Merriam-Webster:

attempt [entry 1, verb] | attack [synonym, sense-specific] | tempt [synonym, sense-specific] | assay [synonym, sense-specific] | endeavor [synonym, sense-specific] | essay [synonym, sense-specific] | seek [synonym, sense-specific] | strive [synonym, sense-specific] | try [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to make an effort to do, accomplish, solve, or effect | [archaic] "tempt" | [archaic] to try to subdue or take by force; "attack" (22 of 252 words, 3 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/attempt

attempt [entry 2, noun] | attack [synonym, sense-specific] | assault [synonym, sense-specific] | assay [archaic, synonym, sense-specific] | bash [British, synonym, sense-specific] | bid [synonym, sense-specific] | crack [synonym, sense-specific] | endeavor [synonym, sense-specific] | essay [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

the act or an instance of attempting ; especially, an unsuccessful effort ; something resulting from or representing an attempt | "attack", "assault" (22 of 140 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/attempt show=1

Oxford Dictionary:

attempt | burl [Australian, New Zealand, informal]

make an effort to achieve or complete (something difficult) | try to climb to the top of (a mountain) | [archaic] : try to take (a life) | an effort ... (27 of 169 words, 7 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/attempt

Wiktionary:

attempt | attempts [plural] | attempted [past tense] | attempting [present participle] | take a stab at [synonym, sense-specific] | take a run at [synonym, sense-specific] | effort [synonym, sense-specific] | try [synonym, sense-specific]

To try. | The action of trying at something. | An assault or attack, especially an assassination attempt. (16 of 148 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/attempt

Macmillan British Dictionary:

attempt [countable] | attempts [plural]

an effort to do something | an illegal act, such as an attack on someone, that is unsuccessful (17 of 117 words, 2 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/attempt

attempt [transitive, verb] | attempted [past tense] | attempting [present participle] | attempts [3rd-person singular present]

to try to do something (5 of 65 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/attempt 15

Cambridge Dictionary:

attempt [entry 1] | attempted [adjective, derived]

to try to do something, especially something difficult (8 of 61 words, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/attempt 1

attempt [entry 2] | an attempt on someone's life | attempt on someone's life

when you try to do something, especially something difficult | "an attempt on sb's life": an act of trying to kill someone (21 of 87 words, 2 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/attempt 2

American Heritage Dictionary:

attempt | attempted [past tense] | attempting [present participle] | attempts [3rd-person singular present] | attemptable [adjective, related] | attempter [noun, related]

To try to perform, make, or achieve | [archaic] To tempt. | [archaic] To attack with the intention of subduing. | An effort or a try. | An attack; an ... (26 of 73 words, 5 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/attempt

Random House Dictionary:

attempt

to make an effort at; try; undertake; seek. | [archaic] to attack; move against in a hostile manner. | [archaic] to tempt. | an effort made to ... (24 of 70 words, 5 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/attempt

New World Dictionary:

attempt | attemptable [adjective, related]

to make an effort to do, get, have, etc.; try; endeavor | [archaic] to tempt | a try | an attack, as on a person's life (23 of 48 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/attempt

Wikipedia:

Essay

a piece of writing which is often written from an author's personal point of view. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and ... (36 of 4063 words, 6 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Essay

Essay (disambiguation)

a short piece of writing. Essay may also refer to: Essay (philately), a prototype of a proposed stamp | Essay (numismatics), a prototype of a proposed coin | Essay, Orne, a town in France (32 of 107 words, 3 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Essay (disambiguation)

Britannica Encyclopedia:

essay [literature]

an analytic, interpretative, or critical literary composition usually much shorter and less systematic and formal than a dissertation or thesis and ... (21 of 558 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/192869​/essay

Columbia Encyclopedia:

essay

relatively short literary composition in prose, in which a writer discusses a topic, usually restricted in scope, or tries to persuade the reader to ... (24 of 240 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/ent​/A​0817714​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

attempt | attempts [plural] | attempted [past tense] | attempting [present participle]

to try to do something, especially without much expectation of success | an act of trying to do something | an attack or assault (22 of 94 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861587592​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

assay

First use: about 1300

Origin: [verb] "to try, endeavor, strive; test the quality of", from Anglo-French ... | [noun] "trial, test of quality, test of character", mid-14th century, ... (24 of 45 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=assay

essay

First use: 1590s

Origin: [noun] "short non-fiction literary composition" (first attested in writings ... | [verb] "to put to proof, test the mettle of", late 15th century, ... (23 of 88 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=essay

Oxford Dictionary:

assay

Origin: Middle English (in the general sense 'testing, or a test of, the merit of someone or something'): from Old French assai (noun), assaier ... (23 of 33 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/assay

essay

First use: late 15th century

Origin: (as a verb in the sense "test the quality of"): alteration of "assay", by association with Old French essayer, based on late Latin ... (26 of 46 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/essay

New World Dictionary:

assay

Origin: Middle English and Anglo-French assai from Old French essai, trial: see "essay", noun

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/assay

essay

Origin: Old French essayer from Vulgar Latin *exagiare from Late ... | Old French essai from Late Latin exagium (17 of 30 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/essay

Collins Dictionary:

assay

First use: 14th century

Origin: from Old Northern French assai; see essay

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/assay

essay

First use: 15th century

Origin: from Old French essaier to attempt, from essai an attempt, from Late Latin exagium a weighing, from Latin agere to do, ... (23 of 29 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/essay

American Heritage Dictionary:

assay | assayed [present participle] | assaying [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English, from Old French essai, assai; see "essay".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/assay

essay | essayed [present participle] | essaying [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: French essai, trial, attempt, from Old French, from essayer, to attempt, from Vulgar Latin *exagiāre, to ... (16 of 49 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/essay

Wiktionary:

assay | assayed [past tense] | assaying [present participle] | assays [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Anglo-Norman assaier, from assai, from Old French essai.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/assay

essay | essays [plural] | essayed [past tense] | essaying [present participle]

Origin: Middle French essai.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/essay

Merriam-Webster:

assay [entry 1, noun]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French assai, essai

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/assay

essay [entry 2, noun]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle French essai, ultimately from Late Latin exagium act of weighing, from Latin ex- + agere to drive

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/essay show=1

Encarta Dictionary:

assay | assays [plural] | assayed [past tense] | assaying [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Old French assai "test" and its source assaier "to test", variant of essaier

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861587238​/definition​.html  [offline]

essay | essays [plural] | essayed [past tense] | essaying [present participle]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Old French essaier "to try" from assumed Vulgar Latin exagiare "weigh out" from Latin agere "do"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861609176​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

essay | essays [plural] | essayed [past tense] | essaying [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "essay"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/essay

Macmillan British Dictionary:

assay [countable, chemistry] | assays [plural] | assayed [past tense] | assaying [present participle]

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "assay"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "assay"

Audio 3: British English pronunciation of assay

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/assay

essay [countable] | essays [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "essay"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/essay

Macmillan American Dictionary:

assay [countable, chemistry] | assays [plural] | assayed [past tense] | assaying [present participle]

Audio 1: North American pronunciation of "assay"

Audio 2: North American pronunciation of "assay"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/assay

essay [countable] | essays [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "essay"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/essay

Cambridge Dictionary:

assay [specialized]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "assay"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "assay"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/assay

essay [entry 1, British]

Audio: British English pronunuciation of "essay"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/essay 1

essay [entry 2, dated]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "essay"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "essay"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/essay 2

the Free Dictionary:

assay

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "assay"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "assay"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "assay" by speech synthesizer

Audio 4: North American English pronunciation of "assay" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/assay

essay

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "essay"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "essay"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "essay" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/essay

Google Dictionary:

assay | assays [plural] | assayed [past tense] | assaying [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "assay"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=assay

essay | essays [plural] | essayed [past tense] | essaying [present participle]

Audio 1: English pronunciation of "essay"

Audio 2: English pronunciation of "essay"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=essay

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

assay

Audio: North American pronunciation of "assay"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=assay​001 word=assay

assay

Audio: North American pronunciation of "assay"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=assay​002 word=assay

essay

Audio: North American pronunciation of "essay"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=essay​002 word=essay

essay

Audio: North American pronunciation of "essay"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=essay​001 word=essay

YourDictionary Audio:

assay

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "assay" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/assay

essay

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "essay" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/essay

freedictionary.org:

Essay

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Essay" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=essay

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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