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anxiolytic (tranquilizer)

Definition:

a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety, and reduce tension and irritability

Class:

artifact noun (man-made objects)

Plural:

anxiolytics

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

antianxiety drug | anxiolytic drug | minor tranquiliser [British spelling] | minor tranquilizer [American/Canadian spelling] | minor tranquilliser [British spelling] | minor tranquillizer [American/Canadian spelling]

Etymology:

anxio- (combining form of anxiety) + -lytic.
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

All senses of anxiolytic...

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Anxiolytic | antipanic | antianxiety agent

a drug that inhibits anxiety. This effect is in contrast to anxiogenic agents, which increase anxiety. Together these categories of psychoactive compounds may be referred to as anxiotropic compounds. Some recreational drugs like alcoholic beverages... (35 of 3115 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Anxiolytic

Oxford Dictionary:

minor tranquilizer

Syllabification: (mi·nor tran·quil·iz·er) | a tranquilizer of the kind used to treat anxiety states, especially a benzodiazepine; an anxiolytic. (18 of 39 words, 2 definitions)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/minor-tranquilizer

American Heritage Dictionary:

antianxiety drug | anxiolytic drug | minor tranquilizer

Any of a group of drugs, such as the benzodiazepines, that are used to treat anxiety without causing excessive sedation. (20 of 29 words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/antianxiety-drug

Random House Dictionary:

antianxiety drug [pharmacology] | anxiolytic [synonym] | minor tranquilizer [synonym]

any of various substances, as benzodiazepines, that are primarily used to treat various forms of anxiety and psychosomatic conditions. (19 of 27 words)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/antianxiety-drug

Columbia Encyclopedia:

antianxiety drug

drug administered for the relief of anxiety. Although their action is not fully understood, most antianxiety medications appear to affect the action ... (22 of 174 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0804207​.html

Collins Dictionary:

anxiolytic

any of a class of drugs that reduce anxiety | of or relating to this class of drugs (17 of 282 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/anxiolytic

Merriam-Webster:

anxiolytic

a drug that relieves anxiety (5 of 22 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/anxiolytic

New World Dictionary:

anxiolytic

relieving tension or anxiety | any anxiolytic drug or substance (9 of 21 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/anxiolytic

Wiktionary:

anxiolytic | anxiolytics [plural] | anxiogenic [antonym, sense-specific] | tranquilizing [synonym, sense-specific]

That reduces anxiety; tranquilizing | [medicine] A drug prescribed for the treatment of symptoms of anxiety. (15 of 17 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/anxiolytic

Britannica Encyclopedia:

tranquilizer [drug] | Tranquillizer

drug that is used to reduce anxiety, fear, tension, agitation, and related states of mental disturbance. Tranquilizers fall into two main classes, ... (22 of 511 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/602263​/tranquilizer

Macmillan British Dictionary:

tranquillizer [countable] | tranquillizers [plural] | tranquilizer [American spelling] | tranquilliser [British spelling]

a drug that makes people calmer when they are very worried or nervous (13 of 51 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/tranquillizer

Cambridge Dictionary:

tranquillizer | tranquilizer [United States] | tranquilliser [British]

a drug used to make a person or animal calmer (10 of 33 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/tranquillizer

Encarta Dictionary:

anxiolytic | anxiolytics [plural]

relieving anxiety | a drug that relieves anxiety (7 of 30 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861586116​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

anxiolytic

Origin: anxio- (combining form of anxiety) + -lytic.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/anxiolytic

Merriam-Webster:

anxiolytic

First use: 1965

Origin: anxiety + -o- + -lytic

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/anxiolytic

-o-

Origin: Greek, thematic vowel of many nouns and adjectives in combination

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/-o-

-lytic

Origin: Greek lytikos

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/-lytic

New World Dictionary:

anxiolytic

Origin: anxiety + "-o-" + "lytic" (sense)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/anxiolytic

Oxford Dictionary:

anxiolytic

First use: 1960s

Origin: "anxiety" + "-lytic"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/anxiolytic

anxiety | anxieties [plural]

First use: early 16th century

Origin: French anxiété or Latin anxietas, from anxius (see "anxious")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/anxiety

-lytic

Origin: Greek -lutikos "able to loosen"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/--lytic

American Heritage Dictionary:

anxiolytic

Origin: "anxiety" + "-lytic".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/anxiolytic

anxiety | anxieties [plural]

Origin: Latin ānxietās, from ānxius, anxious; see "anxious".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/anxiety

-lytic

Origin: From Greek lutikos, able to loosen, from lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/lytic-suffix

Encarta Dictionary:

anxiolytic | anxiolytics [plural]

First use: Mid-20th century

Origin: anxiety + -lytic

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861586116​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

anxiolytic

Audio: British English pronunciation of "anxiolytic"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/anxiolytic

the Free Dictionary:

anxiolytic

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "anxiolytic"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "anxiolytic"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "anxiolytic" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/anxiolytic

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

anxiolytic

Audio: North American pronunciation of "anxiolytic"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=anxiol​01 word=anxiolytic

YourDictionary Audio:

anxiolytic

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "anxiolytic" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/anxiolytic

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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