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adversary

Definition:

someone who offers opposition

Class:

person noun (people)

Plural:

adversaries

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

aduersere, from Anglo-French adverser (13th century), from Old French adversaire...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural] | adversarial [United States, sense-specific] | enemy [synonym, sense-specific]

a person or group that is hostile to someone; enemy | an opposing contestant in a game or sport | the US term for "adversarial" [sense-specific] (24 of 486 words, 3 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/adversary

Merriam-Webster:

adversary [entry 1, noun] | adversaries [plural] | enemy [synonym] | antagonist [synonym] | foe [synonym] | hostile [synonym] | opponent [synonym] | adversariness [noun, related] | archenemy [similar] | ...

one that contends with, opposes, or resists; "enemy" (8 of 337 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/adversary

adversary [entry 2, adjective] | adversarial [synonym, sense-specific] | hostile [synonym, sense-specific] | antagonistic [synonym, sense-specific] | antipathetic [synonym, sense-specific] | inhospitable [synonym, sense-specific] | inimical [synonym, sense-specific] | jaundiced [synonym, sense-specific] | mortal [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

of, relating to, or involving an enemy or adversary | having or involving antagonistic parties or opposing interests (17 of 259 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/adversary show=1

Wikipedia:

Adversary [disambiguation]

generally considered to be a person, group, or force that opposes and/or attacks. Adversary may also refer to: Satan ("adversary" in Hebrew), in Judeo-Christian religion | Adversary (comics), villain from the Marvel comics universe | The mysterious ... (35 of 194 words, 13 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Adversary

Cambridge Dictionary:

enemy | the enemy of something | enemy of something | adversary [formal] | foe [literary]

a person who hates or opposes another person and tries to harm them or stop them from doing something | a country, or the armed forces of a country ... (28 of 90 words, 3 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/enemy

Oxford Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

one's opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute | another term for "adversarial". (12 of 69 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/adversary

Random House Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural] | Also [comparative] | esp. Brit [superlative] | adversarial [superlative] | the Adversary [sense-specific]

a person, group, or force that opposes or attacks; opponent; enemy; foe. | a person, group, etc., that is an opponent in a contest; contestant. | "the ... (25 of 67 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/adversary

New World Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

a person who opposes or fights against another; opponent; enemy | of or characterized by opposing parties, as the plaintiff and defendant in a lawsuit (24 of 40 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adversary

American Heritage Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural] | Adversary [sense-specific]

An opponent; an enemy. | "Adversary": The Devil; Satan. Often used with "the". (12 of 31 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adversary

Macmillan British Dictionary:

adversary [countable, formal] | adversaries [plural]

an enemy or opponent (4 of 30 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/adversary

Wiktionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

An opponent or rival. (4 of 24 words, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/adversary

Britannica Encyclopedia:

antagonist [literature]

in literature, the principal opponent or foil of the main character, who is referred to as the protagonist, in a drama or narrative. The word is from ... (27 of 34 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/26928​/antagonist

Columbia Encyclopedia:

soul

the vital, immaterial, life principle, generally conceived as existing within humans and sometimes within all living things, inanimate objects, and ... (20 of 51 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/society​/A​0846001​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

an opponent in a conflict, contest, or debate | involving conflicting parties or interests, in relation to a legal proceeding (19 of 45 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861583844​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

adversary

First use: mid-14th century

Origin: aduersere, from Anglo-French adverser (13th century), from Old French adversaire "adversary, opponent, enemy", or directly from ... (18 of 78 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=adversary

Wiktionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

Origin: Anglo-Norman aversaire (in Wace's Life of Saint Margaret), from Old French aversier, aversaire (French adversaire), from Latin adversārius, from adversus ("turned toward").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/adversary

Oxford Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

Origin: Middle English: from Old French adversarie, from Latin adversarius "opposed, opponent", from adversus (see "adverse")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/adversary

Merriam-Webster:

adversary

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French advers, from Latin adversus, past participle of advertere

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/adversary

New World Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

Origin: Middle English from Old French adversarie from Latin adversarius from adversus, "adverse"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adversary

American Heritage Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

Origin: Middle English adversarie, from Latin adversārius, enemy, from adversus, against; see "adverse".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adversary

Collins Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

First use: 14th century

Origin: from Latin adversārius, from adversus against. See adverse

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/adversary

Encarta Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Old French from Latin adversarius "enemy" from adversus

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861583844​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "adversary"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/adversary

Collins Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "adversary"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/adversary

Macmillan British Dictionary:

adversary [countable, formal] | adversaries [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "adversary"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/adversary

Macmillan American Dictionary:

adversary [countable, formal] | adversaries [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "adversary"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/adversary

Cambridge Dictionary:

adversary [formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "adversary"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "adversary"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/adversary

the Free Dictionary:

adversary

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "adversary"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "adversary"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "adversary" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/adversary

Google Dictionary:

adversary | adversaries [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "adversary"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=adversary

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

adversary

Audio: North American pronunciation of "adversary"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=advers​02 word=adversary

YourDictionary Audio:

adversary

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "adversary" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adversary

freedictionary.org:

Adversary

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Adversary" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=adversary

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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