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adjure (charge)

Definition:

to command solemnly

Class:

communication verb (telling, asking, ordering, singing, etc.)

Related to:

adjuration | adjuratory

Past tense:

adjured

Present participle:

adjuring

3rd-person singular present:

adjures

Type of:

charge » command » order » request

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

Latin adjurare "confirm by oath, add an oath, to swear to in addition", in Late...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of adjure...

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

adjure | charge [synonym, sense-specific]

to command, often by exacting an oath; charge | to appeal earnestly to (12 of 320 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/adjure

Merriam-Webster:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | advise [synonym, sense-specific] | admonish [synonym, sense-specific] | counsel [synonym, sense-specific] | mind [antonym, sense-specific] | obey [antonym, sense-specific] | alert [similar, sense-specific] | ...

to command solemnly under or as if under oath or penalty of a curse | to urge or advise earnestly (19 of 154 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/adjure

Oxford Dictionary:

adjure [with object and infinitive, formal] | adjuration [derived] | adjuratory [derived]

urge or request (someone) solemnly or earnestly to do something (10 of 70 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/adjure

adjure | adjuration [derived] | adjuratory [derived]

Syllabification: (adĀ·jure) | [transitive, formal] | urge or request (someone) solemnly or earnestly to do something (14 of 70 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/adjure

American Heritage Dictionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | adjures [3rd-person singular present] | adjurer [noun, related] | adjuror [noun, related]

To command or enjoin solemnly, as under oath | To appeal to or entreat earnestly. (14 of 59 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adjure

New World Dictionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | adjuratory [adjective, related] | adjurer [adjective, related]

to command or charge solemnly, often under oath or penalty | to entreat solemnly; appeal to earnestly (16 of 41 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adjure

Random House Dictionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle]

to charge, bind, or command earnestly and solemnly, often under oath or the threat of a penalty. | to entreat or request earnestly or solemnly. (24 of 33 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/adjure

Cambridge Dictionary:

adjure [formal]

to ask or order someone to do something (8 of 23 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/adjure

Wiktionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | adjures [3rd-person singular present]

To issue a formal command, especially in a legal context. | To earnestly appeal or advise. (15 of 16 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/adjure

Columbia Encyclopedia:

saddle

seat or pad to support the rider on an animal, chiefly a horse. The saddles mentioned in the Bible are generally considered to have been saddlecloths. ... (26 of 305 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0842906​.html

Britannica Encyclopedia:

saddle [horsemanship]

seat for a rider on the back of an animal, most commonly a horse or pony. Horses were long ridden bareback or with simple cloths or blankets, but the ... (29 of 220 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/515826​/saddle

Macmillan British Dictionary:

burden [countable] | burdens [plural] | the burden of proof

[usually singular] a serious or difficult responsibility that you have to ... | [usually singular] a negative feeling that is difficult to deal with ... (23 of 193 words, 4 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/burden

burden [transitive, often passive, verb] | burdened [past tense] | burdening [present participle] | burdens [3rd-person singular present] | be burdened with something

to create a problem or serious responsibility for someone | "be burdened with something": [literary] to be carrying something heavy (19 of 66 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/burden 16

Wikipedia:

Burden [disambiguation]

may refer to: Burden (surname) | Burden, Kansas, United States | Burden, Luxembourg | Burden of proof (disambiguation) | Burden (accounting), an old term for overhead (business) (O/H) costs | Burden (electrical engineering) is the impedance presented... (32 of 183 words, 13 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Burden

Encarta Dictionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | adjures [3rd-person singular present]

to order somebody to do something, especially under oath | to make an earnest appeal to somebody (16 of 65 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861583701​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

adjure

First use: late 14th century

Origin: Latin adjurare "confirm by oath, add an oath, to swear to in addition", in Late Latin "to put (someone) to an oath", from ad- "to" + ... (29 of 35 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=adjure

Oxford Dictionary:

adjure [with object and infinitive, formal]

Origin: late Middle English (in the sense "put a person on oath"): from Latin adjurare, from ad- "to" + jurare "swear" (from jus, jur- "oath")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/adjure

American Heritage Dictionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | adjures [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English adjuren, from Latin adiūrāre, to swear to: ad-, ad- + iūrāre, to swear; see yewes- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adjure

Collins Dictionary:

adjure

First use: 14th century

Origin: from Latin adjūrāre to swear to, from ad- to + jūrāre to swear, from jūs oath

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/adjure

Wiktionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | adjures [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin adiūrō ("beg earnestly"), from ad- ("near, at; towards, to")' + iūrō ("swear by oath").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/adjure

Merriam-Webster:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Latin adjurare, from ad- + jurare to swear

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/adjure

New World Dictionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle]

Origin: Middle English adjuren from Latin adjurare from ad-, to + jurare: see "jury"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adjure

Encarta Dictionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | adjures [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Latin adjurare "swear by oath" from jurare "swear"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861583701​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

adjure

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "adjure"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "adjure"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/adjure

Cambridge Dictionary:

adjure [formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "adjure"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "adjure"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/adjure

the Free Dictionary:

adjure

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "adjure"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "adjure"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "adjure" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/adjure

Google Dictionary:

adjure | adjured [past tense] | adjuring [present participle] | adjures [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "adjure"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=adjure

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

adjure

Audio: North American pronunciation of "adjure"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=adjure​01 word=adjure

YourDictionary Audio:

adjure

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "adjure" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/adjure

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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